Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Rich and Famous Computer Programmers


 

 

Bill Gates

William Henry Gates III was born in Seattle, Washington on October 28th, 1955. He is an American business magnate, investor, programmer, inventor and philanthropist.Gates began to show an interest in computer programming at the age of 13 at the Lakeside School.In 1970, at the age of 15, Bill Gates went into business with his pal, Paul Allen. They developed "Traf-o-Data," a computer program that monitored traffic patterns in Seattle, and netted $20,000 for their efforts. Gates and Allen wanted to start their own company, but Gates' parents wanted him to finish school and go on to college where they hoped he would work to become a lawyer. In 1975, Gates and Allen formed a partnership they called Micro-Soft, a blend of "micro-computer" and "software."

Gates was number one on the Forbes 400 list from 1993 through to 2007 and number one on Forbes list of The World's Richest People from 1995 to 2007 and 2009. In 1999, his wealth briefly surpassed $101 billion, causing the media to call Gates a "centibillionaire". Despite his wealth and extensive business travel Gates usually flew coach until 1997, when he bought a private jet.

Since 2000, the nominal value of his Microsoft holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock price after the dot-com bubble burst and the multi-billion dollar donations he has made to his charitable foundations. In a May 2006 interview, Gates commented that he wished that he were not the richest man in the world because he disliked the attention it brought. In March 2010, Gates was the second wealthiest person behind Carlos Slim, but regained the top position in 2013 according to the Bloomberg Billionaires List.Gates has several investments outside Microsoft, which in 2006 paid him a salary of $616,667 and $350,000 bonus totaling $966,667. He founded Corbis, a digital imaging company, in 1989. In 2004 he became a director of Berkshire Hathaway, the investment company headed by long-time friend Warren Buffett.

Steve Wozniak

Stephen Gary “Woz” Wozniak, founded Apple Computer, Co. (now Apple Inc.) with co-founders, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. He has an estimated net worth of $100 million.
During his brief stint at the University of California at Berkeley, Steve Wozniak met Steve Jobs through a mutual friend. The two paired up to form Apple Computer on April 1, 1976, prompting Wozniak to quit his job at Hewlett-Packard.

Working out of a family garage, he and Jobs attempted to produce a user-friendly alternative to the computers that were being introduced by International Business Machines at that time. Wozniak worked on the invention of products and Jobs was responsible for marketing.

Not long after Apple was founded, Wozniak created the Apple I, a so-called "Homebrew" design built largely in Jobs's bedroom and garage. With Wozniak's knowledge of electronics and Jobs's marketing skills, the two were well-suited to do business together. Wozniak went on to conceive the Apple II as part of the company's personal-computer series, and by 1983, Apple had a stock value of $985 million.
Wozniak ended his employment with Apple in 1987.

 In 1990 he joined Mitchell Kapor in establishing the Electronic Frontier Foundation, an organization which provides legal aid for computer hackers facing criminal prosecution.

Wozniak co-founded Wheels of Zeus in 2001, to create wireless GPS technology in order to help the average person on the street find everyday things more easily.

After Wheels of Zeus closed in 2006, Wozniak published his autobiography,iWoz: From Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I Invented the Personal Computer, Co-Founded Apple, and Had Fun Doing It. Three years later, he joined the Salt Lake City-based start-up Fusion-io as its chief scientist. 


Larry Page

Larry Page is best known for the co-founder of Google, alongside Sergy Brin. He is the 6th richest person in America, and the 27th richest billionaire worldwide according to Forbes.

Page's father Carl was a pioneer in computer science and artificial intelligence and his mother taught computer programming. After earning a bachelor of science degree in engineering from the University of Michigan, Page decided to concentrate on computer engineering at Stanford University, where he met Sergey Brin.

As a research project at Stanford University, Page and Brin created a search engine that listed results according to the popularity of the pages, after concluding that the most popular result would often be the most useful. They called the search engine Google after the mathematical term "Googol," which is a 1 followed by 100 zeros, to reflect their mission to organize the immense amount of information available on the Web.

After raising $1 million from family, friends and other investors, the pair launched the company in 1998. Google has since become the world's most popular search engine, receiving more than 200 million queries each day. Headquartered in the heart of California's Silicon Valley, Google held its initial public offering in August 2004, making Page and Brin billionaires. Page continues to share responsibility for Google's day-to-day operations with Sergey Brin and CEO Eric Schmidt. In 2006, Google purchased the most popular Web site for user-submitted streaming videos, YouTube, for $1.65 billion in stock.



Mark Zuckerberg

Mark Zuckerberg, is the founder and CEO of Facebook. He was born on May 14, 1984, in White Plains, New York, Mark Zuckerberg co-founded the social-networking website Facebook out of his college dorm room. He left Harvard after his sophomore year to concentrate on the site, the user base of which has grown to more than 250 million people, making Zuckerberg a billionaire. The birth of Facebook was recently portrayed in the film The Social Network.Zuckerberg developed an interest in computers at an early age; when he was about 12, he used Atari BASIC to create a messaging program he named "Zucknet." His father used the program in his dental office, so that the receptionist could inform him of a new patient without yelling across the room. The family also used Zucknet to communicate within the house. Together with his friends, he also created computer games just for fun. "I had a bunch of friends who were artists," he said. "They'd come over, draw stuff, and I'd build a game out of it." To keep up with Mark's burgeoning interest in computers, his parents hired private computer tutor David Newman to come to the house once a week and work with Mark.


Kevin Systrom

Kevin Systrom is an American software engineer and entrepreneur with an estimated net worth of $400 million as of 2012. Kevin first dabbled with programming in the QBasic language. When he got AOL, Kevin made programs in Visual Basic to boot people offline. At high school, instead of biology, Kevin took Computer Science classes. 

Kevin graduated from Stanford University in 2006 with a BS in Management Science & Engineering. He got his first taste of the startup world when he was an intern at Odeo that later became Twitter. He spent two years at Google - the first of which was working on Gmail, Google Reader, and other products and the latter where he worked on the Corporate Development team. Kevin has always had a passion for social products that enable people to communicate more easily, and combined with his passion for photography Instagram is a natural fit. Instagram was acquired by Facebook for $1 billlion less than 2 years after launch, and it has just hit 50M users, one of the fastest growing services of all time. Several reports claimed that he earned around $400 million for the said deal.


Mike Krieger 

Mike Krieger has an estimated net worth of $100 million in 2013. He graduated from Stanford University where he studied Symbolic Systems with a focus in Human-Computer Interaction. During his undergrad, he interned at Microsoft's PowerPoint team as a PM and at Foxmarks (now Xmarks) as a software developer. He wrote his Master's thesis on how user interfaces can better support collaboration on a large scale. After graduating, he worked at Meebo for a year and a half as a user experience designer and as a front-end engineer before joining the Instagram team doing design & development.


Paul Buchheit

Paul Buchheit is an American computer programmer and entrepreneur with an estimated net worth of $600 million. He co-founded social network aggregator FriendFeed, along with three other former Google employees. He is also an investor in FriendFeed and participated in a $5 million Series A round in February 2008.He was the 23rd employee at Google, where he created Gmail and implemented many of its innovative features. He developed the original prototype of Google AdSense, and was responsible for Google’s famous “Don’t be evil” motto in a meeting.


Aaron Peckham

American computer scientist and programmer Aaron Peckham has an estimated net worth of $15 million as of 2012. He is known to be the founder of Urban Dictionary, a web-based dictionary containing over seven million definitions as of March 2013. Anita Hamilton of Time ranked Urban Dictionary as one of the 2008′s 50 best websites.

Aaron Peckham was a computer science student in 1999 when he launched a Web site to compare urban slang used by university students in different parts of California.As of April 2009, the site has been receiving 15 million unique monthly visitors and 80% of these visitors age less than 25. On the same period, the site has been adding approximate 2000 new words everyday.


Reichart Von Wolfsheild

Reichart Von Wolfsheild is an American inventor, technologist, and artist with an estimated net worth of $15 million dollars. Von Wolfsheild is the co-host on the reality series Invention USA on the History Channel. The show debuted on December 9, 2011 which features the two inventors and hosts as they travel around America to oversee the work of amateur inventors .Von Wolfsheild became interested in computers at a young age, and built his first CPU from scratch when he was in his early teens. He has since gone on to a long and successful career in both art and technology. He began working for MTV in the early 80s, helping develop the technology surrounding music videos. He launched his own company, devoted to Artificial Intelligence development soon after. He has worked on the development of multiple video games, and helped develop the first modern multi-player game. He has designed toys and weapons, as well. His clients have included Disney, Boeing, Dreamworks, and Mattel. 



David Heinemeier Hansson

David Heinemeier Hansson has an estimated net worth of $30 million in 2012. Hansson is best recognized as the creator of Instiki wiki and Ruby on Rails web development framework. Ruby on Rails is an open-source web framework that's optimized for programmer happiness and beautiful code. He created Rails in 2003 and continue to lead the development.

Hundreds of thousands of programmers around the world have built amazing applications using Rails. Some of the more famous include Twitter, Shopify, 500px, and Github. His works on Ruby on Rails earned him a Hacker of the Year award by O’Reilly and Google.

He is also one of the partners at 37signals, a web-based software development firm.The company has been around since 1999. He run it together with his business partner, Jason Fried, and  team of 36 programmers, designers, supporters, and sysops.

Adam D’Angelo

Adam D’Angelo is a Founder and CEO of Quora. He has an estimated net worth of $680 million. He previously served as Chief Technology Officer at Facebook. He founded his own company Quora after working on Facebook. His co-founder in Quora is Charlie Cheever whom he met while both were working at Facebook.
In 2002, while still at high school, he received the Silver medallist the International Olympics in Information.

In 2003, Adam was first in the North American team of 3 at the ACM International computer programming contest.

In 2004 he was second in an American team of 3 at the Association for Computing Machinery International computer programming contest. He was studying at Caltech at this time.

In 2005, Adam was in the top 24 finalists at Topcoder, an international collegiate competition while still studying at California Institute of Technology (Caltech).

In 2006 he completed a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science from California Institute of Technology.



David Karp

Tumblr founder and Chief Executive Officer  David Karp has an estimated net worth of $200 million. He was born and raised in New York City, attending the Bronx High School Science before dropping out at age 15. An internship at Frederator Studios led to a gig leading product at UrbanBaby. When CNET acquired the company in 2005, Karp started his own development agency, Davidville. In 2007 his team launched Tumblr, , a short-form blogging platform which now the home and platform for more than 100 million creators. As a top 15 US network, Tumblr serves an audience of more than 170 million people worldwide.In 2012, it reportedly had $15 million in revenues. It was announced on May 20, 2013 that Yahoo! and Tumblr have reached an agreement. Yahoo! will acquire Tumblr for $1.1 billion while Karp will remain as the CEO of the company.

p/s: I am not yet rich.


Source:

Monday, September 16, 2013

International Programmers’ Day: 256th Day of Each Year

Programmers’ Day is a professional holiday recognized in many technology companies around the world.
It is celebrated on 256th day of every year, September 13th or the 12th on leap years.  The holiday is officially recognized in Russia and observed in several other countries, including Israel, Brazil, Mexico, Germany, Canada, China, France, India, Belgium, Australia, New Zealand, Poland, Italy, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Why the 256th Day of the year? The number 256 was chosen because it is the number of distinct values that can be represented with an eight-bit byte, a value well-known to programmers everywhere. A byte can have 256 possible values, bytes are very important to programmers. Not because they are required for programs to work, but because the payroll system and Krispy Kreme doughnut cash registers require them. 1111 1111 is the 256th value start from 0000 0000( January,1st )

0000 0000
0000 0001
0000 0010
0000 00011
.
.
.
11111 1111



Programmer?

A programmer, computer programmer, developer, coder, or software engineer is a person who writes computer software. The term computer programmer can refer to a specialist in one area of computer programming or to a generalist who writes code for many kinds of software. One who practices or professes a formal approach to programming may also be known as a programmer analyst.

        #include<stdio.h>

int main()

{

printf(“Hello World\n”);

return 0;

}

Above is a sample program,  write in "C" programming language. This program will print "Hello World" on command prompt. Above code need to compile first using C compiler. Compiler will analyze the code, check whether the syntax is correct or not and then generate machine codes( codes that computer can understand). The compiler will generate execution files ( e.g helloworld.exe in Windows environment ).

Do you want to be programmer?

P/S: Am I still a programmer?

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Thursday, September 5, 2013

Deodorant

What is Deodorant

According to Dictionary.com, deodorant is:
noun
1.an agent for destroying odors.
2.a substance, often combined with an antiperspirant, for inhibiting or masking perspiration or other bodily odors.

adjective
3.capable of destroying odors: a deodorant cream.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,

Deodorants are substances applied to the body to affect body odor caused by bacterial growth and the smell associated with bacterial breakdown of perspiration in armpits, feet and other areas of the body. A subgroup of deodorants, antiperspirants, affect odor as well as prevent sweating by affecting sweat glands. Antiperspirants are typically applied to the underarms, while deodorants may also be used on feet and other areas in the form of body sprays. In the United States, deodorants are classified and regulated as cosmetics by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Antiperspirants are classified as drugs by the FDA.

The first commercial deodorant, Mum, was introduced and patented in the late nineteenth century by an inventor in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, whose name has been lost to history. The product was briefly withdrawn from the market in the U.S., but is currently available at U.S. retailers under the brand Ban. The modern formulation of the antiperspirant was patented by Jules Montenier on January 28, 1941. This formulation was first found in "Stopette" deodorant spray, which Time Magazine called "the best-selling deodorant of the early 1950s".Stopette was later eclipsed by many other brands as the 1941 patent expired.

Type of Deodorant

Stick and powder deodorants

Stick and powder deodorants are generally considered "dry" deodorants because they typically do not leave the skin wet after they are applied. Products in stick form are generally solid white or clear deodorants that are rubbed on the armpits. Powder deodorant is sprinkled or patted on, and is often made of the same types of ingredients as stick deodorant but without the silicone or fatty substances that bind them together.

Gel deodorant 

Gel deodorant is applied in a similar way as the stick varieties but comes in a thick gel that is pushed up through holes or slits in the cap.

Cream deodorant

Cream deodorant is usually applied with the fingertips

Liquid deodorant

Liquid deodorant may be patted on with the fingers, splashed on or sprayed on with a pump sprayer.

Roll-on deodorant 

Roll-on deodorant has a ball in the top of the bottle that rolls and applies the product to the skin in a thin layer.

Homemade deodorant 

Organic deodorant is a personal hygiene product made with organic ingredients that is meant to mask the scent of body odor. Some people prefer to use this kind of product because they prefer not to apply synthetic or non-organic products to their skin. Others use organic deodorant because they believe that products that keep their skin from perspiring are unhealthy.


What type of deodorants should i use 

  • if you have low body fat you will also have less body odor, and so you may only need a mild deodorant to combat smell.
  • If you are of a larger body type, you may be interested in choosing a stronger deodorant, as your body may secrete and release more odors.
  • If you have an underlying factor that causes your body to put out more or less odor, choose a stronger or lighter deodorant accordingly.
  • if you have an illness or disorder that causes sensitive skin and reactions to synthetic products, choose a hypoallergenic deodorant that has a natural scent or is unscented.


Deodorants and Breast Cancer

 Articles in the press and on the Internet have warned that underarm antiperspirants (a preparation that reduces underarm sweat) or deodorants (a preparation that destroys or masks unpleasant odors) cause breast cancer . The reports have suggested that these products contain harmful substances, which can be absorbed through the skin or enter the body through nicks caused by shaving. Some scientists have also proposed that certain ingredients in underarm antiperspirants or deodorants may be related to breast cancer because they are applied frequently to an area next to the breast .

However, researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), a part of the National Institutes of Health, are not aware of any conclusive evidence linking the use of underarm antiperspirants or deodorants and the subsequent development of breast cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which regulates food, cosmetics, medicines, and medical devices, also does not have any evidence or research data that ingredients in underarm antiperspirants or deodorants cause cancer.

Source:


Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Oil & Gas in Malaysia

By 3 September 2013, The price per liter of RON95 grade petrol and diesel have increased by RM0.20. Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak have announced it on evening 2nd September 2013.

The RON95 price have increased from RM1.90 to RM2.10 per liter, Diesel increase from RM1.80 to RM RM2.00 per liter.  A normal petrol fill up of 40 liter, will have a RM8 increase per tank as average. This is could be due to the Syria and Egypt Crisis going on.

History

The discovery of oil by Shell on Canada Hill in Miri, Sarawak in 1910 had provided the bedrock for the development of Malaysia’s present day oil and gas industry. Shell's Miri No. 1 was spudded on 10 August that year, and began producing 83 barrels per day in December. Today,  the oil well, fondly known as the Grand Old Lady, is a state monument.

After the discovery of oil in Miri, Shell built Malaysia's first oil refinery in 1914. In the same year, Shell laid a submarine pipeline in Miri, a breakthrough in the technology of transporting crude to tankers at that time.

In 1960, Orient Explorer, the first mobile drilling rig ever used in Malaysia, arrived in Sarawak waters and began to explore off Baram Point. This eventually led to the discovery of Sarawak's first offshore field, Baram, in 1963.

The discovery of substantial reserves of natural gas offshore Sarawak in the 1960s represented a turning point for Shell. A natural gas liquefaction venture was formed, Malaysia LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) in Bintulu. The abundance of gas also prompted the establishment of the world's first commercial middle distillate synthesis plant in Bintulu in 1993.
                               
The Bintulu plant became the basis for the Pearl GTL (gas to liquids) project in Qatar, launched in 2006. Set to be the world’s largest plant, Pearl GTL will convert natural gas into 140,000 barrels per day of clean-burning liquid transport fuel and other products. The project will also produce 120,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day of natural gas liquids and ethane.

By 1974, Malaysia's output of crude oil stood at about 81,000 barrels per day (12,900 m3/d).
What followed thereafter were two crucial milestones in Malaysia’s oil and gas history:
• The passing of the Petroleum Development Act 1974 which say:
"The entire ownership in, and the exclusive rights, powers, liberties and privileges of exploring, exploiting, winning and obtaining petroleum whether on-shore or off-shore of Malaysia shall be vested in a Corporation to be incorporated under the Companies Act 1965, or under the law relating to incorporation of companies"
• Birth of PETRONAS short for Petroliam Nasional Berhad-Company wholly owned by the Government of Malaysia which  is ranked among Fortune Global 500's largest corporations in the world. Fortune ranks PETRONAS as the 68th largest company in the world in 2012. It also ranks PETRONAS as the 12th most profitable company in the world and the most profitable in Asia.

Production


Malaysia Crude Oil Production
Crude Oil Definition: A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include 1. Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casing head) gas in lease separators and are subsequently comingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included; 2. Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced with the oil, such as sulfur and various metals; 3. Drip gases, and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, oil sands, gilsonite, and oil shale. Liquids produced at natural gas processing plants are excluded. Crude oil is refined to produce a wide array of petroleum products, including heating oils; gasoline, diesel and jet fuels; lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content.

Crude oil output has plunged 21% in the last four years and Malaysia is expected to become a net energy importer by 2017.

 Major Oil and Gas companies in Malaysia

  1. BHP Billiton Petroleum (Sabah) Corporation
  2. Conoco Asia Pacific Sdn Bhd
  3. ExxonMobil Exploration And Production Malaysia Inc
  4. Hess Oil & Gas Sdn Bhd
  5. Inpex Offshore North West Sabah Ltd
  6. Lundin Malaysia B.V.
  7. MDC Oil & Gas (SK 320) Ltd
  8. Murphy Peninsular Malaysia Oil Co. Ltd.
    Murphy Sabah Oil Co. Ltd.
    Murphy Sarawak Oil Co. Ltd.
  9. Newfield Peninsula Malaysia Inc.
    Newfield Sarawak Malaysia Inc.
  10. Nippon Oil Exploration (Malaysia) Ltd
  11. Petrofac (Malaysia PM-304) Limited
  12. Petroliam Nasional Berhad
  13. Shell Malaysia
  14. Talisman Malaysia Ltd
  15. Total E&P Malaysia

 Malaysian Fuel Price History


Sen Per Litre
DATE RON97 RON95 RON92 DIESEL
Before 1990s 110
106 ( ) 65.1 ( )
20-Oct-2000 120 (+10)
116 (+10) 70.1 (+5)
20-Oct-2001 130 (+10)
126 (+10) 70.1 ( )
01-May-2002 132 (+2)
128 (+2) 72.1 (+2)
01-Nov-2002 133 (+1)
129 (+1) 72.1 ( )
01-Mar-2003 135 (+2)
131 (+2) 76.1 (+4)
01-may-2004 137 (+2)
133 (+2) 78.1 (+2)
01-Oct-2004 142 (+5)
138 (+5) 83.1 (+5)
01-Apr-2005 142 ( )
138 ( ) 88.1 (+5)
01-May-2005 152 (+10)
148 (+10) 108.1 (+10)
31-Jul-2005 162 (+10)
158 (+10) 128.1 (+20)
28-Feb-2006 192 (+30)
188 (+30) 158.1 (+30)
05-Jun-2008 270 (+78)
262 (+74) 258 (+100)
23-Aug-2008 255 (-15)
240 (-22) 250 (+8)
25-Sep-2008 245 (-10)
230 (-10) 240 (-10)
15-Oct-2008 230 (-10)
220 (-10) 220 (-20)
01-Nov-2008 215 (-5)
205 (-5) 205 (-5)
18-Nov-2008 200 (-15)
190 (-15) 190 (-15)
03-Dec-2008 190 (-10)
180 (-10) 180 (-10)
16-Dec-2008 180 (-10)
170 (-10) 170 (-10)
12-May-2009 180 ( ) 175
170 ( )
01-Sep-2009 205 (+25) 180 (+5)
170 ( )
16-Jul-2010 210 (+5) 185 (+5)
175 (+5)
02-Nov-2010 215 (+5) 185 ( )
175 ( )
01-Dec-2010 230 (+15) 190 (+5)
180 (+5)
05-Jan-2011 240 (+10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
01-Feb-2011 250 (+10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
02-Apr-2011 270 (+20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
05-May-2011 290 (+20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
16-Jun-2011 280 (-10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
05-Apr-2012 290 (+10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
07-Jun-2012 280 (-10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
05-Jul-2012 260 (-20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
24-Aug-2012 270 (+10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
06-Sep-2012 300 (+30) 190 ( )
180 ( )
27-Feb-2013 270 (-30) 190 ( )
180 ( )
07-Mac-2013 290 (+20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
22-May-2013 270 (-20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
03-Sep-2013 270 ( ) 210 (+20 )
200 (+20)
05-Sep-2013 285 (+15 ) 210 ( )
200 ( )
16-Jul-2010 – No more subsidy for RON97, the price will be subjected to the current price of crude oil (RM2.10 as of 7/23)

Source:


Sunday, July 14, 2013

A little info about Ramadhan Fasting


Ramadhan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and the month in which Muslims believe the Quran was revealed. Because the cycle of the lunar calendar does not match the solar calendar, the dates of Ramadan shifts by approximately 11 days each year. The ending of Ramadan is marked by the holiday of Eid ul-Fitr, which takes place either 29 or 30 days after the beginning of the month

Fasting during the month of Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. The month is spent by Muslims fasting - prohibited from eating, drinking and engaging in conjugal sexual relationships from dawn (fajr) to sunset (maghrib). Whilst fasting, Muslims are also obliged to abstain from smoking and other comforts such as chewing gum. Fasting is essentially an attempt to seek nearness to Allah and increase one's piety. One of the remote aims of fasting is to empathize with those less fortunate members of society who do not always have food and drink readily available. One must also try to avoid cursing and thinking evil thoughts, with the aim of controlling the tongue and temper during the fasting hours.

Fasting also carries a significant spiritual meaning. It teaches one the principle of love: because when one observes fasting, it is done out of deep love for God and to learn self-restraint.

While the religion calls for fasting during this time, not everybody is required to participate. This includes young children, seniors, pregnant women, diabetics and others with medical needs. If possible, a person is expected to make up the lost time when they are able.

Things not to worry while fasting in Ramadhan:

  • You are allowed to bathe, take a shower, swim or dip in water while fasting as long as you take care not to swallow water or allow water to get into your system.
  • Using toothpaste during the daytime in Ramadan is not a problem as long as care is taken that nothing is swallowed, just as it is legislated for the fasting person to use the siwak (tooth stick) in the beginning of the day as well as at the end of the day.
  • Swallowing your own saliva is not forbidden during fasting  and there isn’t any difference in opinion between the People of Knowledge due to the difficulty and impossibility of guarding against that.
  • If you have had something to eat or drink accidentally whilst you are fasting, don’t worry! You may continue fasting for the remainder of the day. You don’t need to make up a day for doing this.
  • You can wear lip gloss to moisten your lips when you are fasting, as long as you do not swallow it. 
  • If you have asthma, you can still use your puffer during Ramadan without breaking your fast. This is because it is simply compressed air that you are inhaling into your lungs.
  • It is ok for you to have an immunization( or other medical reason ) shot without breaking your fast, as it is not nourishing your body in any way. 

Source:

Wednesday, July 10, 2013

Google Latitude will be retiring on August 9th, 2013



Google Latitude is a location-aware mobile app developed by Google as a successor to its earlier SMS-based service Dodgeball. Latitude allows a mobile phone user to allow certain people to view their current location. Via their own Google Account, the user's cell phone location is mapped on Google Maps. The user can control the accuracy and details of what each of the other users can see — an exact location can be allowed, or it can be limited to identifying the city only. For privacy, it can also be turned off by the user, or a location can be manually entered. Users have to explicitly opt into Latitude, and may only see the location of those friends who have decided to share their location with them.

On July 10, 2013, Google have announced that Google Latitude is no longer part of the Google Maps app, and we're retiring Latitude on August 9, 2013. Products being retired include Google Latitude in Google Maps for Android, Latitude for iPhone, the Latitude API, the public badge, the iGoogle Gadget, and the Latitude website at maps.google.com/latitude.

This means that after August 9, your Latitude friends list will be deleted and you'll lose the ability to share your location with them. There will also be some changes to Location Reporting and Location History, including changes to third-party applications that use Google Latitude.

If you still want to see your friends and family on a map, you can use location sharing in Google+ for Android.

The offline maps feature for Android is also no longer available. Instead they have created a new way for you to access maps offline by simply entering “OK Maps” into the search box when viewing the area you want for later.

Goodbye Google Latitude!

Source:

Yahoo! Kills 12 Products In Second Half 2013

Early 2013, Yahoo has announced an ongoing effort to sharpen their focus and deliver experiences that enhance their audiance daily lives. As part of that, today they are shutting down a few products so they can continue to focus on creating beautiful products that are essential to their audiance every day.

1. Yahoo Axis (June 28, 2013)
 
The oft-touted series of browser plugins and mobile apps – browsers in their own right – were designed to enhance one's search experience by tying speedier, real-time results to one's queries, in addition to a ton of quickly generated contextual information about the specific element a person was searching for.
 
The downside? As explained by ReadWriteWeb's Jon Mitchell, the "convenience and speed" of all the real-time elements and contextual information Yahoo packed into Axis didn't actually make conventional searching that much faster. Worse, the service was a bit prejudicial:
 
"Axis privileges Yahoo's own services so much that people who don't use them will be frustrated. This is the same problem Google creates when it stuffs Google+ social features into its other services. People who already use and love Yahoo will be happy, but people who don't will have a worse experience," Mitchell wrote.

2. Yahoo BrowserPlus (June 28, 2013)
Stay with us: BrowserPlus was designed to be a wraparound kind of browser plugin that would allow you to quickly and easily install other feature elements that a page would require – sans browser restart – so long as said page supported BrowserPlus. Basically, it was Yahoo's version of Google Gears, which the latter officially abandoned in 2011 within its Chrome browser.

3. Citizen Sports (June 28, 2013)
Big on fantasy sports, social tie-ins, and mobile apps? Too bad; Use Yahoo's primary offerings (like it's Yahoo Sports page, Fantasy Football page, or Yahoo Sports apps) instead of Citizen Sports, which the company picked up in 2010 for north of 40 million bucks.

4. Yahoo! WebPlayer (June 30, 2013)
Yahoo! WebPlayer plays audio and video on Web pages for users across the Internet. By adding Yahoo! WebPlayer to their sites, publishers can offer relevant audio, video, and other rich context to supplement their site.  You do not need to be a registered Yahoo! user to add Yahoo! WebPlayer to your site or to use the product.

If you’re a publisher and currently using Yahoo! WebPlayer on your site, after June 30 the Yahoo! WebPlayer won’t load. Your users will continue to be able to play media files using native browser support. You may wish to locate and remove the following line in your code:
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://webplayer.yahooapis.com/player.js"></script>

5. Foxytunes (July 1, 2013)
This plugin allowed users to control their media players from the comfort of their Web browsers. Starting July 1, you'll have to hit up Yahoo Music for all of your, er, musical needs – or one of the squillion other plugins that allow you to rock out on your desktop or laptop via Chrome, Firefox, and Internet Explorer.

6. Yahoo! RSS Alerts (July 1, 2013)
If you want up-to-the-minute information on a particular topic, Yahoo suggests you fill out a keyword news alert. At least that's one thing that the company has in common with Google: RSS hate. Even funnier, Yahoo RSS Alerts is being phased out on July 1, the same day that Google Reader officially gets the axe.
 
7. Yahoo! Neighbors Beta (July 8, 2013)
A practical discussion board for any topic - from neighborhood safety to contractor recommendations.
  • Get answers to questions you haven't thought to ask from neighbors you haven't met
  • Make an announcement, sell something, or get free stuff
  • Discover what's up in your area and join the discussion  
8. Altavista  (July 8, 2013)
Buh-bye. A search engine that was once one of the Web's most popular started fueling Yahoo's own search results in 1996. Yahoo ended up picking up the site as part of an acquisition of Altavista's owner, Overture Services, in 2003. Rumors abounded that Yahoo would kill the site in 2010, but the company decided to keep it alive – with Yahoo's search now fueling its results (technically, Bing's) – until July 8 of this year. ( remind me about Webcrawler and Excite search engine and Netscape web browser)

9. Yahoo! Stars India (July 25, 2013)
Yahoo! Stars is a site that enabled you to follow Bollywood and cricket stars in India. To stay up on all your favorite celebrity news, check out Yahoo! India OMG!.

10. Yahoo! Downloads Beta (July 31, 2013)
Yahoo! Downloads will no longer support 3rd party downloads. It will continue to offer downloads of Yahoo! products like Yahoo! Toolbar or Yahoo! Messenger
  
11. Yahoo! Local API (September 28, 2013)
Using the Yahoo! Local APIs, you can tap into our comprehensive database of local business information and user reviews. And, you can even get access to local traffic alerts.
 
As part of this shutdown, all Yahoo! Local API documentation will also be removed from the Yahoo! Developer Network portal.

12. Yahoo! Term Extraction API (September 28, 2013)
Yahoo’s Term Extractor is a application that extracts keywords from a piece of text that you can then use as tags or meta data keywords or anything you please.
Yahoo is eliminating direct access to the Yahoo! Term Extraction API and as of September 28, will require developers to go through YQL. They encourage all existing users of the Term Extraction Legacy API to migrate to YQL requests by September 28. You can use the YQL forums for any questions you might have about migrating to YQL. If you are already using the Term Extraction API via YQL, you don’t need to take any action.
 
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Sunday, July 7, 2013

No more Classic Yahoo Mail beginning July 9, 2013


I have been using yahoo mail since 1998. Yahoo email is the second public free mail I have registered. The first email service I registered was hotmail. My hotmail email just for applying job and yahoo email for "sosialize"- yahoo messenger, yahoo chating, exchange email with the girl in MIRC, alamak.com. I managed to send free sms using yahoo messenger before I change my telephone operator.

On 14, December 2012, yahoo had shutdown some of their services:
  • Yahoo! Messenger Public Chat Rooms 
  • Yahoo! Messenger Pingbox
  • Yahoo! Messenger interoperability with Microsoft Windows Live Messenger
Effective January 30, 2013, Yahoo no longer offer Yahoo! Voice Phone In and Phone Out capabilities, their co-branded landline and mobile phone service from Jajah.

Beginning July 9, 2013, you can only access your Yahoo! Mail if you switch to a new version.

Classic Yahoo! Mail ( Src: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Yahoo_mail_inbox.png )
 
 
New Version Yahoo! Mail (Src:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/1b/New_Yahoo_Mail.png)


If you dont like the new full features yahoo email, you got two options:

1. Download your Yahoo! Mail using IMAP: IMAP allows you to access your email from a different email program, such as Outlook, Mac Mail, or your mobile device’s application. You can download your data to your personal computer or device using an IMAP program.

2. Close your account. ;-)


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Thursday, July 4, 2013

Personal positioning: How to market yourself?

Defininition of Personal Marketing

Personal Marketing or Personal Branding is the process of developing a “mark” that is created around your personal name or your career. You use this “mark” to express and communicate your skills, personality and values. The end goal is that the personal brand that you develop will build your reputation and help you to grow your network in a way that interests others. They will then seek you out for your knowledge and expertise.

Why

Developing the skills for marketing oneself has become increasingly important as the complexity and change in the workplace has accelerated. Even for talented, competent people, it's a buyer's market. Individuals always benefit by making themselves more attractive candidates, whether inside or outside their organizations. Workers are more mobile, changing jobs, managers, employers, and geographic locations frequently, so they constantly have to educate others on their capabilities and experience. Jobs disappear due to advances in technology, outsourcing, or off-shoring options, so individuals are in the job market more often. On the other hand, people skilled at marketing themselves are first to hear news of emerging opportunities in their company or field, like working on virtual international teams or learning a new technology.

There is also a positive personal impact that results from marketing yourself. You can accomplish your personal and professional goals more easily and often faster. In addition, you can find opportunities to contribute your expertise more quickly and, in fact, have the opportunities find you. You will reap benefits of increased visibility, employability, and career resiliency. The process of marketing yourself creates options and choices for you as well, because you hear about them sooner.

The Self-Marketing 5 P’s are:

The 5 Ps are a set of recognised marketing tactics, which you can use in any combination to satisfy customers in your target market. Combining these different marketing tactics to meet your customers' needs and wants is known as using a 'tactical marketing mix'.
  • Price – Your desired compensation
  • Product – That’s you!
  • Projects – It’s what you do
  • Promotion – The way you promote yourself
  • Position – What makes you unique and why it matters

The Personal Positioning 4 C’s:

Four C’s of Marketing is created in 1993 by Robert Lauterborn, the Four C’s is an updated classification system of the Four P’s.
  • Category – What’s happening with your position in the marketplace?
  • Competition – Who are the players in your position in the industry?
  • Customer – What does your employer want? What do they need?
  • Company – That’s you. Your success metrics, goals, etc.

Personal Marketing Plan

1. Define your mission and the benefits you offer

  • Start with self knowledge: natural talents (aptitudes), interests, personality and values
     
  • Consider what role fits you best: generalist or specialist or a combination
     
  • Ask yourself, "What do I have to offer?"

2. Set your marketing objective: What exactly do you want to achieve?

  • Be specific, make it measurable, make it realistic, and build in a timeline with deadlines.

3. Design performance measures: What will be the observable, objective indicators that show that you are accomplishing or have accomplished your goal?

4. Gather, analyze, and interpret information about your situation using SWOT Analysis. SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. A SWOT analysis is a structured strategic planning model often used for a project or business venture. The Career Vision version of the SWOT analysis is designed for an individual to use for career management and personal marketing purposes.
  • Identify your personal strengths and weaknesses: How do you stack up against your competition?
     
  • Identify external opportunities and threats: What trends may affect you and your career positively or negatively?



5. Identify your target markets: Who needs to know you, your capabilities, and professional goals?
  • This may mean that you focus your efforts on key managers, mentors or human resources staff solely within your organization, or that you broaden your outreach through membership in professional organizations, depending on your goal.
     
  • Also include the geographic scope of where you want to market yourself, for example, the Chicagoland area? The Midwest? Nationally? Or internationally? You decide what is appropriate for you.

6. Develop your marketing strategy and activities aimed at your target market
  • Volunteer for cross-functional teams and company-wide task forces
     
  • Share ideas and trend information with others and solicit advice from them
     
  • Take on leadership or committee roles in professional organizations
     
  • Attend conferences and continuing education events, even if you have to pay for them
     
  • Write articles for company or professional publications
     
  • Present to peers on topics related to your doing your jobs better

7. Define implementation strategies: What will you do, when, what resources will you need, and what might be obstacles to overcome? 8. Periodically evaluate marketing efforts and modify them if needed: What's working? What do you need to do differently? Do you need to do more, or scale back your efforts?

After the first draft of your personal marketing plan is committed to writing, discuss it with at least three people you respect such as a mentor, colleague or spouse. Incorporate their feedback and suggestions, and then begin to implement your plan. As you make progress, evaluate your results and revise your plan accordingly.


"If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door."

- Berle, Milton
 

 
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Monday, July 1, 2013

Age Is Not An Excuse For Your Success

Are you too young  or too old to success?
Look at this short list of people who accomplished great things at different ages…

1) Helen Keller At the age of 19 months Helen became deaf & blind. But that didn’t stop her.She was the first deaf blind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.

Helen Adams Keller was born on June 27, 1880 in Tuscumbia, Alabama. In 1882, she fell ill and was struck blind, deaf and mute. Beginning in 1887, Keller's teacher, Anne Sullivan, helped her make tremendous progress with her ability to communicate, and Keller went on to college, graduating in 1904. In 1920, Keller helped found the ACLU. During her lifetime, she received many honors in recognition of her accomplishments.
"Keep your face to the sunshine and you cannot see the shadow."
– Helen Keller
2) Mozart was already competent on keyboard & violin, he composed from the age of 5

Wolfgang Mozart  was born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a musician capable of playing multiple instruments who started playing in public at the age of 6. Over the years, Mozart aligned himself with a variety of European venues and patrons, composing hundreds of works that included sonatas, symphonies, masses, concertos and operas, marked by vivid emotion and sophisticated textures.

 " I pay no attention whatever to anybody's praise or blame. I simply follow my own feelings." - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

3) Shirley Temple was 6 when she became a movie star on “Bright Eyes”

Shirley Temple Black (born Shirley Temple; April 23, 1928) is an American film and television actress, singer, dancer, and former U.S. ambassador to Ghana and Czechoslovakia. She began her film career in 1932 at the age of three, and in 1934, found international fame in Bright Eyes, a feature film designed specifically for her talents. She received a special Juvenile Academy Award in February 1935 for her outstanding contribution as a juvenile performer to motion pictures during 1934, and film hits such as Curly Top and Heidi followed year after year during the mid-to-late 1930s. Licensed merchandise that capitalized on her wholesome image included dolls, dishes, and clothing. Her box office popularity waned as she reached adolescence, and she left the film industry in her teens. She appeared in a few films of varying quality in her mid-to-late teens, and retired completely from films in 1950 at the age of 22. She was the top box-office draw four years in a row (1935–38) in a Motion Picture Herald poll.

Temple returned to show business in 1958 with a two-season television anthology series of fairy tale adaptations. She made guest appearances on television shows in the early 1960s and filmed a sitcom pilot that was never released. She sat on the boards of corporations and organizations including The Walt Disney Company, Del Monte Foods, and the National Wildlife Federation. In 1967, she ran unsuccessfully for United States Congress, and was appointed United States Ambassador to Ghana in 1974 and to Czechoslovakia in 1989. In 1988, she published her autobiography, Child Star. Temple is the recipient of awards and honors including Kennedy Center Honors and a Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award.

She is No. 18 on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest female American screen legends of all time.

4) Anne Frank was 12 when she wrote the diary of Anne Frank

She was born in Germany in 1929, Anne Frank is one of the most famous Jewish victims of the Holocaust because of the diary she kept during her time in hiding before being captured by the Nazis. She was only 13 years old when she and her family went into hiding. The writings from the two years she spent in such close proximity to her family was discovered and published by her father, Otto Frank and continue to touch people today.

5) Magnus Carlsen became a chess Grandmaster at the age of 13 years.

Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (Norwegian: [sʋɛn mɑŋnʉs øːn kɑːɭsn̩]; born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and former chess prodigy who is the No. 1 ranked player in the world. His peak rating is 2872, the highest in history. Carlsen was the 2009 World Blitz chess champion.

On 26 April 2004, Carlsen became a grandmaster at the age of 13 years, 148 days, making him at that time the second youngest grandmaster in history, although he has since become the third youngest.

6) Nadia Comăneci At age 14, gymnast of Romania scored seven perfect 10.0 and won three gold medals at the Olympics

  • Nadia Comaneci was the first gymnast to score a perfect 10.0 in the Olympics. She did it at the 1976 Games, and then went on to score six more 10.0s and win three gold medals.
  • Comaneci was also the first Romanian gymnast to win the all-around title at the Olympics, and is the youngest ever all-around champion.
  • In 1979 Comaneci became the first gymnast to win three all-around titles at the European Championships.
  • At the 1980 Moscow Olympics, Comaneci won her second Olympic gold medal on beam, and took home another gold on floor and a silver medal in the all-around. 

7) Tenzin Gyatso was formally recognized as the 14th Dalai Lama November 1950, at the age of 15

Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is the spiritual and temporal leader of the Tibetan people. He was born in a small village called Taktser in northeastern Tibet. Born to a peasant family, His Holiness was recognized at the age of two, in accordance with Tibetan tradition, as the reincarnation of his predecessor the 13th Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lamas are the manifestations of the Bodhisattva of Compassion, who chose to reincarnate to serve the people. Dalai Lama means Ocean of Wisdom. Tibetans normally refer to His Holiness as Yeshin Norbu, the Wish-fulfilling Gem, or simply, Kundun, meaning The Presence.

8) Pele soccer superstar was 17 years old when he won the world cup in 1958 with Brazil


9) Elvis was a Superstar by age 19

 Elvis Aaron Presley was born on January 8, 1935 in East Tupelo, Mississippi. In September 1948 when Elvis was 13, he and his parents moved to Memphis, Tennessee. After graduating from Humes High School in Memphis, Elvis took odd jobs working as a movie theater usher and a truck driver for Crown Electric Company. He began singing locally as "The Hillbilly Cat", then signed with a local recording company, then in 1955 with RCA. He did much to establish early rock and roll music, bringing black blues singing into the white, teenage mainstream. Teenage girls became hysterical over his blatantly sexual gyrations, particularly the one that got him nicknamed "Elvis the Pelvis" (television cameras were not permitted to film below his waist). At the time of his death, he had sold more than 600-million singles and albums. In 1956 following his six television appearances on The Dorsey Brothers' "Stage Show", Elvis was cast in his first acting role in a supporting part in Love Me Tender (1956), the first of 33 movies he starred in. Critics blasted most of his films, but they did very well at the box-office earning upwards of $150 million total.

Elvis Presley died at age 42 on August 16, 1977 at his mansion in Graceland, near Memphis. Since his death, his Memphis home Graceland has become a shrine for millions of followers worldwide. Elvis impersonators and purported sightings have become stock subjects for humorists.

10) John Lennon was 20 years & Paul Mcartney 18 when the Beatles had their first concert in 1961.

11) Jesse Owens was 22 when he won 4 gold medals in Berlin 1936

12) Beethoven was a Piano virtuoso by age 23

13) Issac Newton at 24 wrote Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

14) Roger Bannister was 25 When he broke the 4 minute mile record

15) Albert Einstein was 26 when he wrote the theory of relativity

16) Lance E Armstrong was 27 when he won the tour de France 

Cyclist Lance Armstrong was born on September 18, 1971, in Plano, Texas. At age 16, Armstrong became a professional triathlete. In 1989, the U.S. Olympic development team invited him to train as cyclist. He placed 11th in the World Championship Road Race, with the best time of any American since 1976. From 1999 to 2005, Armstrong won seven consecutive Tour de France titles, inspiring others with his cancer survival. In 2012, the U.S Anti-Doping Agency stripped Armstrong of his seven Tour titles—as well as other honors he received from 1999 to 2005—and banned him from cycling for life, concluding that Armstrong had used banned performance-enhancing substances during those years. The cyclist vehemently denied the claims for several months thereafter, but in January 2013, admitted to doping throughout his cycling career.

Armstrong has lived in Austin, Texas, since 1990. In 1996, he founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation for Cancer, now called LiveStrong, and the Lance Armstrong Junior Race Series to help promote cycling and racing among America's youth. He is the author of two best-selling autobiographies, It's Not About the Bike: My Journey Back to Life (2000) and Every Second Counts (2003). In 2006, he ran the New York City Marathon, raising $600,000 for his LiveStrong campaign. Armstrong stepped down from LiveStrong in October 2012 following the USADA report that he used performance-enhancing drugs.

"Pain is temporary. It may last a minute, or an hour, or a day, or a year, but eventually it will subside and something else will take its place. If I quit, however, it lasts forever."
– Lance Armstrong

17) Michelangelo created the two of the greatest sculptures “David” and “Pieta” by age 28

18) Alexander the Great by age 29, had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world

19) J.K.Rowling was 30 years old when she finished the first manuscript for Harry Potter

20) Amelia Earhart was 31 years old when she became the first woman 2 fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean

21) Oprah was 32 when she started her talk show, which has become the highest-rated program of its kind

22) Edmund Hillary was 33 when he became the first man to reach Mount Everest (highest Mountain in the world

23) Martin Luther King jr was 34 When he did the speech “I have a dream”

24) Marie Curie was 35 years old when she got nominated 4 Nobel Prize in Physics 1903

Marie Curie was Born Maria Sklodowska on November 7, 1867, in Warsaw, Poland, Marie Curie became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the only woman to win the award in two different fields (physics and chemistry). Curie's efforts, with her husband, Pierre Curie, led to the discovery of polonium and radium and, after Pierre's death, the development of X-rays. She died on July 4, 1934.

25) The Wright brothers, Orville (was 32 ) & Wilbur (was 36) when they invented & built the world's first successful airplane & making the first controlled, powered & sustained heavier-than-air human flight

26) Vincent Van Gogh was 37 when he died & virtually unknown yet his paintings today are worth millions

27) Neil Armstrong was 38 when he became the first man to set foot on the moon

28) Mark Twain was 40 when he wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and 49 years old for Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

29) Christopher Columbus was 41 when he discovered the Americas

30) Rosa Parks was 42 when she refused 2 obey bus driver’s order 2 give up her seat 2 make room for a white passenger.

 On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a 42-year-old African American woman who worked as a seamstress, boarded this Montgomery City bus to go home from work. On this bus on that day, Rosa Parks initiated a new era in the American quest for freedom and equality.

She sat near the middle of the bus, just behind the 10 seats reserved for whites. Soon all of the seats in the bus were filled. When a white man entered the bus, the driver (following the standard practice of segregation) insisted that all four blacks sitting just behind the white section give up their seats so that the man could sit there. Mrs. Parks, who was an active member of the local NAACP, quietly refused to give up her seat.

Her action was spontaneous and not pre-meditated, although her previous civil rights involvement and strong sense of justice were obvious influences. "When I made that decision," she said later, “I knew that I had the strength of my ancestors with me.”

She was arrested and convicted of violating the laws of segregation, known as “Jim Crow laws.” Mrs. Parks appealed her conviction and thus formally challenged the legality of segregation.

31) John F. Kennedy was 43 years when he became President of the United States

32) Henry Ford Was 45 when the Ford T came out

33) Suzanne Collins was 46 when she wrote “ The Hunger Games”

Since 1991, Suzanne Collins has been busy writing for children’s television. She has worked on the staffs of several Nickelodeon shows, including the Emmy-nominated hit Clarissa Explains it All and The Mystery Files of Shelby Woo. For preschool viewers, she penned multiple stories for the Emmy-nominated Little Bear and Oswald. She also co-wrote the critically acclaimed Rankin/​Bass Christmas special, Santa, Baby! Most recently she was the Head Writer for Scholastic Entertainment’s Clifford’s Puppy Days,and a freelancer on Wow! Wow! Wubbzy!

While working on a Kids WB show called Generation O! she met children’s author James Proimos, who talked her into giving children’s books a try.

Thinking one day about Alice in Wonderland, she was struck by how pastoral the setting must seem to kids who, like her own, lived in urban surroundings. In New York City, you’re much more likely to fall down a manhole than a rabbit hole and, if you do, you’re not going to find a tea party. What you might find...? Well, that’s the story of Gregor the Overlander, the first book in her five-part fantasy/​war series, The Underland Chronicles.

Her next series, The Hunger Games Trilogy, is an international bestseller.

At present, Suzanne is at work on a picture book with James Proimos.

She currently lives in Connecticut with her family and a pair of feral kittens they adopted from their backyard.

34) Charles Darwin was 50 years old when his book On the Origin of Species came out

35) Leonardo Da Vinci was 51 years old when he painted the Mona Lisa

36) Abraham Lincoln was 52 when he became president

37) Ray Kroc Was 53 when he bought the McDonalds Franchise and took it to unprecedented levels

In 1917, 15-year-old Ray Kroc lied about his age to join the Red Cross as an ambulance driver, but the war ended before his training finished. He then worked as a piano player, a paper cup salesman and a multi-mixer salesman.

In 1954 he was surprised by a huge order for 8 multi-mixers from a restaurant in San Bernardino, California. There he found a small but successful restaurant run by brothers Dick and Mac McDonald, and was stunned by the effectiveness of their operation.  They produced a limited menu, concentrating on just a few items—burgers, fries and beverages—which allowed them to focus on quality at every step.

Kroc pitched his vision of creating McDonald’s restaurants all over the U.S. to the brothers. In 1955 he founded the McDonald’s Corporation, and 5 years later bought the exclusive rights to the McDonald’s name. By 1958, McDonald’s had sold its 100 millionth hamburger.

38) Dr. Seuss was 54 when he wrote “the cat in the hat”

Dr. Seuss; Author, composer ("Get-Together Weather"), and artist who was educated at Dartmouth College (BA) at Lincoln College in Oxford, England, UK. He was a major in the US Army during World War II, and wrote and produced informational films. He also served in the ETO as Liaison Officer. He was awarded the Legion of Merit. He was a political cartoonist and an advertising executive, most famously creating numerous campaigns for Standard Oil. Most famously, he wrote and illustrated children's books that included "The 500 Hats of Bartholomew Cubbins," "Horton Hatches the Egg," "Yertle the Turtle," "The Cat in the Hat," "One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue FIsh," and "How the Grinch Stole Christmas!"

40) Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger III was 57 years old when he successfully ditched US Airways Flight 1549, in the Hudson River in, 2009. All of the 155 passengers aboard the aircraft survived.

41) Colonel Harland Sanders was 61 when he started the KFC Franchise

Before Harland Sanders became a world-famous Colonel, he was a sixth-grade dropout, a farmhand, an army mule-tender, a locomotive fireman, a railroad worker, an aspiring lawyer, an insurance salesman, a ferryboat entrepreneur, a tire salesman, an amateur obstetrician, an (unsuccessful) political candidate, a gas station operator, a motel operator and finally, a restaurateur.

In 1930, the then 40-year-old Sanders was operating a service station in Corbin, Kentucky, and it was there that he began cooking for hungry travelers who stopped in for gas. He didn't have a restaurant yet, so patrons ate from his own dining table in the station's humble living quarters. It was then that he invented what's called “home meal replacement” — selling complete meals to busy, time-strapped families. He called it, “Sunday Dinner, Seven Days a Week.”

As Sanders' fame grew, Governor Ruby Laffoon made him a Kentucky Colonel in 1935 in recognition of his contributions to the state's cuisine. Within four years, his establishment was listed in Duncan Hines' “Adventures in Good Eating.”

In 1955, confident of the quality of his fried chicken, the Colonel devoted himself to developing his chicken franchising business. Less than 10 years later, Sanders had more than 600 KFC franchises in the U.S. and Canada, and in 1964 he sold his interest in the U.S. company for $2 million to a group of investors including John Y. Brown Jr. (who later became governor of Kentucky).

Until he was fatally stricken with leukemia in 1980 at the age of 90, the Colonel traveled 250,000 miles a year visiting KFC restaurants around the world. His likeness continues to appear on millions of buckets and on thousands of restaurants in more than 100 countries around the world.
Not bad for a man who started from scratch at retirement age

42) J R R Tolkien was 62 when the Lord of The Ring books came out

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) was a major scholar of the English language, specialising in Old and Middle English. Twice Professor of Anglo-Saxon (Old English) at the University of Oxford, he also wrote a number of stories, including most famously The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the Rings (1954-1955), which are set in a pre-historic era in an invented version of the world which he called by the Middle English name of Middle-earth. This was peopled by Men (and women), Elves, Dwarves, Trolls, Orcs (or Goblins) and of course Hobbits. He has regularly been condemned by the Eng. Lit. establishment, with honourable exceptions, but loved by literally millions of readers worldwide. Please note also that his name is spelt Tolkien (there is no "Tolkein").

43) Ronald Reagan was 69 when he became President of the United States

44) Jack Lalane at age 70 handcuffed, shackled, towed 70 rowboats

1984, At age 70 the fitness pioneer towed 70 people in 70 row boats for about one mile in Long Beach Harbor.

45) Nelson Mandela was 76 When he Became President

Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Mveso, Transkei, South Africa. Becoming actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement in his 20s, Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1942. For 20 years, he directed a campaign of peaceful, non-violent defiance against the South African government and its racist policies. In 1993, Mandela and South African President F.W. de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to dismantle the country's apartheid system. In 1994, Mandela was inaugurated as South Africa's first black president. In 2009, Mandela's birthday (July 18) was declared Mandela Day to promote global peace and celebrate the South African leader's legacy.

"Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do."
– Nelson Mandela


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