Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Rich and Famous Computer Programmers



Bill Gates

William Henry Gates III was born in Seattle, Washington on October 28th, 1955. He is an American business magnate, investor, programmer, inventor and philanthropist.Gates began to show an interest in computer programming at the age of 13 at the Lakeside School.In 1970, at the age of 15, Bill Gates went into business with his pal, Paul Allen. They developed "Traf-o-Data," a computer program that monitored traffic patterns in Seattle, and netted $20,000 for their efforts. Gates and Allen wanted to start their own company, but Gates' parents wanted him to finish school and go on to college where they hoped he would work to become a lawyer. In 1975, Gates and Allen formed a partnership they called Micro-Soft, a blend of "micro-computer" and "software."

Gates was number one on the Forbes 400 list from 1993 through to 2007 and number one on Forbes list of The World's Richest People from 1995 to 2007 and 2009. In 1999, his wealth briefly surpassed $101 billion, causing the media to call Gates a "centibillionaire". Despite his wealth and extensive business travel Gates usually flew coach until 1997, when he bought a private jet.

Since 2000, the nominal value of his Microsoft holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock price after the dot-com bubble burst and the multi-billion dollar donations he has made to his charitable foundations. In a May 2006 interview, Gates commented that he wished that he were not the richest man in the world because he disliked the attention it brought. In March 2010, Gates was the second wealthiest person behind Carlos Slim, but regained the top position in 2013 according to the Bloomberg Billionaires List.Gates has several investments outside Microsoft, which in 2006 paid him a salary of $616,667 and $350,000 bonus totaling $966,667. He founded Corbis, a digital imaging company, in 1989. In 2004 he became a director of Berkshire Hathaway, the investment company headed by long-time friend Warren Buffett.

Steve Wozniak

Stephen Gary “Woz” Wozniak, founded Apple Computer, Co. (now Apple Inc.) with co-founders, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. He has an estimated net worth of $100 million.
During his brief stint at the University of California at Berkeley, Steve Wozniak met Steve Jobs through a mutual friend. The two paired up to form Apple Computer on April 1, 1976, prompting Wozniak to quit his job at Hewlett-Packard.

Working out of a family garage, he and Jobs attempted to produce a user-friendly alternative to the computers that were being introduced by International Business Machines at that time. Wozniak worked on the invention of products and Jobs was responsible for marketing.

Not long after Apple was founded, Wozniak created the Apple I, a so-called "Homebrew" design built largely in Jobs's bedroom and garage. With Wozniak's knowledge of electronics and Jobs's marketing skills, the two were well-suited to do business together. Wozniak went on to conceive the Apple II as part of the company's personal-computer series, and by 1983, Apple had a stock value of $985 million.
Wozniak ended his employment with Apple in 1987.

 In 1990 he joined Mitchell Kapor in establishing the Electronic Frontier Foundation, an organization which provides legal aid for computer hackers facing criminal prosecution.

Wozniak co-founded Wheels of Zeus in 2001, to create wireless GPS technology in order to help the average person on the street find everyday things more easily.

After Wheels of Zeus closed in 2006, Wozniak published his autobiography,iWoz: From Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I Invented the Personal Computer, Co-Founded Apple, and Had Fun Doing It. Three years later, he joined the Salt Lake City-based start-up Fusion-io as its chief scientist. 

Larry Page

Larry Page is best known for the co-founder of Google, alongside Sergy Brin. He is the 6th richest person in America, and the 27th richest billionaire worldwide according to Forbes.

Page's father Carl was a pioneer in computer science and artificial intelligence and his mother taught computer programming. After earning a bachelor of science degree in engineering from the University of Michigan, Page decided to concentrate on computer engineering at Stanford University, where he met Sergey Brin.

As a research project at Stanford University, Page and Brin created a search engine that listed results according to the popularity of the pages, after concluding that the most popular result would often be the most useful. They called the search engine Google after the mathematical term "Googol," which is a 1 followed by 100 zeros, to reflect their mission to organize the immense amount of information available on the Web.

After raising $1 million from family, friends and other investors, the pair launched the company in 1998. Google has since become the world's most popular search engine, receiving more than 200 million queries each day. Headquartered in the heart of California's Silicon Valley, Google held its initial public offering in August 2004, making Page and Brin billionaires. Page continues to share responsibility for Google's day-to-day operations with Sergey Brin and CEO Eric Schmidt. In 2006, Google purchased the most popular Web site for user-submitted streaming videos, YouTube, for $1.65 billion in stock.

Mark Zuckerberg

Mark Zuckerberg, is the founder and CEO of Facebook. He was born on May 14, 1984, in White Plains, New York, Mark Zuckerberg co-founded the social-networking website Facebook out of his college dorm room. He left Harvard after his sophomore year to concentrate on the site, the user base of which has grown to more than 250 million people, making Zuckerberg a billionaire. The birth of Facebook was recently portrayed in the film The Social Network.Zuckerberg developed an interest in computers at an early age; when he was about 12, he used Atari BASIC to create a messaging program he named "Zucknet." His father used the program in his dental office, so that the receptionist could inform him of a new patient without yelling across the room. The family also used Zucknet to communicate within the house. Together with his friends, he also created computer games just for fun. "I had a bunch of friends who were artists," he said. "They'd come over, draw stuff, and I'd build a game out of it." To keep up with Mark's burgeoning interest in computers, his parents hired private computer tutor David Newman to come to the house once a week and work with Mark.

Kevin Systrom

Kevin Systrom is an American software engineer and entrepreneur with an estimated net worth of $400 million as of 2012. Kevin first dabbled with programming in the QBasic language. When he got AOL, Kevin made programs in Visual Basic to boot people offline. At high school, instead of biology, Kevin took Computer Science classes. 

Kevin graduated from Stanford University in 2006 with a BS in Management Science & Engineering. He got his first taste of the startup world when he was an intern at Odeo that later became Twitter. He spent two years at Google - the first of which was working on Gmail, Google Reader, and other products and the latter where he worked on the Corporate Development team. Kevin has always had a passion for social products that enable people to communicate more easily, and combined with his passion for photography Instagram is a natural fit. Instagram was acquired by Facebook for $1 billlion less than 2 years after launch, and it has just hit 50M users, one of the fastest growing services of all time. Several reports claimed that he earned around $400 million for the said deal.

Mike Krieger 

Mike Krieger has an estimated net worth of $100 million in 2013. He graduated from Stanford University where he studied Symbolic Systems with a focus in Human-Computer Interaction. During his undergrad, he interned at Microsoft's PowerPoint team as a PM and at Foxmarks (now Xmarks) as a software developer. He wrote his Master's thesis on how user interfaces can better support collaboration on a large scale. After graduating, he worked at Meebo for a year and a half as a user experience designer and as a front-end engineer before joining the Instagram team doing design & development.

Paul Buchheit

Paul Buchheit is an American computer programmer and entrepreneur with an estimated net worth of $600 million. He co-founded social network aggregator FriendFeed, along with three other former Google employees. He is also an investor in FriendFeed and participated in a $5 million Series A round in February 2008.He was the 23rd employee at Google, where he created Gmail and implemented many of its innovative features. He developed the original prototype of Google AdSense, and was responsible for Google’s famous “Don’t be evil” motto in a meeting.

Aaron Peckham

American computer scientist and programmer Aaron Peckham has an estimated net worth of $15 million as of 2012. He is known to be the founder of Urban Dictionary, a web-based dictionary containing over seven million definitions as of March 2013. Anita Hamilton of Time ranked Urban Dictionary as one of the 2008′s 50 best websites.

Aaron Peckham was a computer science student in 1999 when he launched a Web site to compare urban slang used by university students in different parts of California.As of April 2009, the site has been receiving 15 million unique monthly visitors and 80% of these visitors age less than 25. On the same period, the site has been adding approximate 2000 new words everyday.

Reichart Von Wolfsheild

Reichart Von Wolfsheild is an American inventor, technologist, and artist with an estimated net worth of $15 million dollars. Von Wolfsheild is the co-host on the reality series Invention USA on the History Channel. The show debuted on December 9, 2011 which features the two inventors and hosts as they travel around America to oversee the work of amateur inventors .Von Wolfsheild became interested in computers at a young age, and built his first CPU from scratch when he was in his early teens. He has since gone on to a long and successful career in both art and technology. He began working for MTV in the early 80s, helping develop the technology surrounding music videos. He launched his own company, devoted to Artificial Intelligence development soon after. He has worked on the development of multiple video games, and helped develop the first modern multi-player game. He has designed toys and weapons, as well. His clients have included Disney, Boeing, Dreamworks, and Mattel. 

David Heinemeier Hansson

David Heinemeier Hansson has an estimated net worth of $30 million in 2012. Hansson is best recognized as the creator of Instiki wiki and Ruby on Rails web development framework. Ruby on Rails is an open-source web framework that's optimized for programmer happiness and beautiful code. He created Rails in 2003 and continue to lead the development.

Hundreds of thousands of programmers around the world have built amazing applications using Rails. Some of the more famous include Twitter, Shopify, 500px, and Github. His works on Ruby on Rails earned him a Hacker of the Year award by O’Reilly and Google.

He is also one of the partners at 37signals, a web-based software development firm.The company has been around since 1999. He run it together with his business partner, Jason Fried, and  team of 36 programmers, designers, supporters, and sysops.

Adam D’Angelo

Adam D’Angelo is a Founder and CEO of Quora. He has an estimated net worth of $680 million. He previously served as Chief Technology Officer at Facebook. He founded his own company Quora after working on Facebook. His co-founder in Quora is Charlie Cheever whom he met while both were working at Facebook.
In 2002, while still at high school, he received the Silver medallist the International Olympics in Information.

In 2003, Adam was first in the North American team of 3 at the ACM International computer programming contest.

In 2004 he was second in an American team of 3 at the Association for Computing Machinery International computer programming contest. He was studying at Caltech at this time.

In 2005, Adam was in the top 24 finalists at Topcoder, an international collegiate competition while still studying at California Institute of Technology (Caltech).

In 2006 he completed a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science from California Institute of Technology.

David Karp

Tumblr founder and Chief Executive Officer  David Karp has an estimated net worth of $200 million. He was born and raised in New York City, attending the Bronx High School Science before dropping out at age 15. An internship at Frederator Studios led to a gig leading product at UrbanBaby. When CNET acquired the company in 2005, Karp started his own development agency, Davidville. In 2007 his team launched Tumblr, , a short-form blogging platform which now the home and platform for more than 100 million creators. As a top 15 US network, Tumblr serves an audience of more than 170 million people worldwide.In 2012, it reportedly had $15 million in revenues. It was announced on May 20, 2013 that Yahoo! and Tumblr have reached an agreement. Yahoo! will acquire Tumblr for $1.1 billion while Karp will remain as the CEO of the company.

p/s: I am not yet rich.


Monday, September 16, 2013

International Programmers’ Day: 256th Day of Each Year

Programmers’ Day is a professional holiday recognized in many technology companies around the world.
It is celebrated on 256th day of every year, September 13th or the 12th on leap years.  The holiday is officially recognized in Russia and observed in several other countries, including Israel, Brazil, Mexico, Germany, Canada, China, France, India, Belgium, Australia, New Zealand, Poland, Italy, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Why the 256th Day of the year? The number 256 was chosen because it is the number of distinct values that can be represented with an eight-bit byte, a value well-known to programmers everywhere. A byte can have 256 possible values, bytes are very important to programmers. Not because they are required for programs to work, but because the payroll system and Krispy Kreme doughnut cash registers require them. 1111 1111 is the 256th value start from 0000 0000( January,1st )

0000 0000
0000 0001
0000 0010
0000 00011
11111 1111


A programmer, computer programmer, developer, coder, or software engineer is a person who writes computer software. The term computer programmer can refer to a specialist in one area of computer programming or to a generalist who writes code for many kinds of software. One who practices or professes a formal approach to programming may also be known as a programmer analyst.


int main()


printf(“Hello World\n”);

return 0;


Above is a sample program,  write in "C" programming language. This program will print "Hello World" on command prompt. Above code need to compile first using C compiler. Compiler will analyze the code, check whether the syntax is correct or not and then generate machine codes( codes that computer can understand). The compiler will generate execution files ( e.g helloworld.exe in Windows environment ).

Do you want to be programmer?

P/S: Am I still a programmer?


Thursday, September 5, 2013


What is Deodorant

According to, deodorant is:
noun agent for destroying odors.
2.a substance, often combined with an antiperspirant, for inhibiting or masking perspiration or other bodily odors.

3.capable of destroying odors: a deodorant cream.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,

Deodorants are substances applied to the body to affect body odor caused by bacterial growth and the smell associated with bacterial breakdown of perspiration in armpits, feet and other areas of the body. A subgroup of deodorants, antiperspirants, affect odor as well as prevent sweating by affecting sweat glands. Antiperspirants are typically applied to the underarms, while deodorants may also be used on feet and other areas in the form of body sprays. In the United States, deodorants are classified and regulated as cosmetics by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Antiperspirants are classified as drugs by the FDA.

The first commercial deodorant, Mum, was introduced and patented in the late nineteenth century by an inventor in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, whose name has been lost to history. The product was briefly withdrawn from the market in the U.S., but is currently available at U.S. retailers under the brand Ban. The modern formulation of the antiperspirant was patented by Jules Montenier on January 28, 1941. This formulation was first found in "Stopette" deodorant spray, which Time Magazine called "the best-selling deodorant of the early 1950s".Stopette was later eclipsed by many other brands as the 1941 patent expired.

Type of Deodorant

Stick and powder deodorants

Stick and powder deodorants are generally considered "dry" deodorants because they typically do not leave the skin wet after they are applied. Products in stick form are generally solid white or clear deodorants that are rubbed on the armpits. Powder deodorant is sprinkled or patted on, and is often made of the same types of ingredients as stick deodorant but without the silicone or fatty substances that bind them together.

Gel deodorant 

Gel deodorant is applied in a similar way as the stick varieties but comes in a thick gel that is pushed up through holes or slits in the cap.

Cream deodorant

Cream deodorant is usually applied with the fingertips

Liquid deodorant

Liquid deodorant may be patted on with the fingers, splashed on or sprayed on with a pump sprayer.

Roll-on deodorant 

Roll-on deodorant has a ball in the top of the bottle that rolls and applies the product to the skin in a thin layer.

Homemade deodorant 

Organic deodorant is a personal hygiene product made with organic ingredients that is meant to mask the scent of body odor. Some people prefer to use this kind of product because they prefer not to apply synthetic or non-organic products to their skin. Others use organic deodorant because they believe that products that keep their skin from perspiring are unhealthy.

What type of deodorants should i use 

  • if you have low body fat you will also have less body odor, and so you may only need a mild deodorant to combat smell.
  • If you are of a larger body type, you may be interested in choosing a stronger deodorant, as your body may secrete and release more odors.
  • If you have an underlying factor that causes your body to put out more or less odor, choose a stronger or lighter deodorant accordingly.
  • if you have an illness or disorder that causes sensitive skin and reactions to synthetic products, choose a hypoallergenic deodorant that has a natural scent or is unscented.

Deodorants and Breast Cancer

 Articles in the press and on the Internet have warned that underarm antiperspirants (a preparation that reduces underarm sweat) or deodorants (a preparation that destroys or masks unpleasant odors) cause breast cancer . The reports have suggested that these products contain harmful substances, which can be absorbed through the skin or enter the body through nicks caused by shaving. Some scientists have also proposed that certain ingredients in underarm antiperspirants or deodorants may be related to breast cancer because they are applied frequently to an area next to the breast .

However, researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), a part of the National Institutes of Health, are not aware of any conclusive evidence linking the use of underarm antiperspirants or deodorants and the subsequent development of breast cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which regulates food, cosmetics, medicines, and medical devices, also does not have any evidence or research data that ingredients in underarm antiperspirants or deodorants cause cancer.


Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Oil & Gas in Malaysia

By 3 September 2013, The price per liter of RON95 grade petrol and diesel have increased by RM0.20. Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak have announced it on evening 2nd September 2013.

The RON95 price have increased from RM1.90 to RM2.10 per liter, Diesel increase from RM1.80 to RM RM2.00 per liter.  A normal petrol fill up of 40 liter, will have a RM8 increase per tank as average. This is could be due to the Syria and Egypt Crisis going on.


The discovery of oil by Shell on Canada Hill in Miri, Sarawak in 1910 had provided the bedrock for the development of Malaysia’s present day oil and gas industry. Shell's Miri No. 1 was spudded on 10 August that year, and began producing 83 barrels per day in December. Today,  the oil well, fondly known as the Grand Old Lady, is a state monument.

After the discovery of oil in Miri, Shell built Malaysia's first oil refinery in 1914. In the same year, Shell laid a submarine pipeline in Miri, a breakthrough in the technology of transporting crude to tankers at that time.

In 1960, Orient Explorer, the first mobile drilling rig ever used in Malaysia, arrived in Sarawak waters and began to explore off Baram Point. This eventually led to the discovery of Sarawak's first offshore field, Baram, in 1963.

The discovery of substantial reserves of natural gas offshore Sarawak in the 1960s represented a turning point for Shell. A natural gas liquefaction venture was formed, Malaysia LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) in Bintulu. The abundance of gas also prompted the establishment of the world's first commercial middle distillate synthesis plant in Bintulu in 1993.
The Bintulu plant became the basis for the Pearl GTL (gas to liquids) project in Qatar, launched in 2006. Set to be the world’s largest plant, Pearl GTL will convert natural gas into 140,000 barrels per day of clean-burning liquid transport fuel and other products. The project will also produce 120,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day of natural gas liquids and ethane.

By 1974, Malaysia's output of crude oil stood at about 81,000 barrels per day (12,900 m3/d).
What followed thereafter were two crucial milestones in Malaysia’s oil and gas history:
• The passing of the Petroleum Development Act 1974 which say:
"The entire ownership in, and the exclusive rights, powers, liberties and privileges of exploring, exploiting, winning and obtaining petroleum whether on-shore or off-shore of Malaysia shall be vested in a Corporation to be incorporated under the Companies Act 1965, or under the law relating to incorporation of companies"
• Birth of PETRONAS short for Petroliam Nasional Berhad-Company wholly owned by the Government of Malaysia which  is ranked among Fortune Global 500's largest corporations in the world. Fortune ranks PETRONAS as the 68th largest company in the world in 2012. It also ranks PETRONAS as the 12th most profitable company in the world and the most profitable in Asia.


Malaysia Crude Oil Production
Crude Oil Definition: A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include 1. Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casing head) gas in lease separators and are subsequently comingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included; 2. Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced with the oil, such as sulfur and various metals; 3. Drip gases, and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, oil sands, gilsonite, and oil shale. Liquids produced at natural gas processing plants are excluded. Crude oil is refined to produce a wide array of petroleum products, including heating oils; gasoline, diesel and jet fuels; lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content.

Crude oil output has plunged 21% in the last four years and Malaysia is expected to become a net energy importer by 2017.

 Major Oil and Gas companies in Malaysia

  1. BHP Billiton Petroleum (Sabah) Corporation
  2. Conoco Asia Pacific Sdn Bhd
  3. ExxonMobil Exploration And Production Malaysia Inc
  4. Hess Oil & Gas Sdn Bhd
  5. Inpex Offshore North West Sabah Ltd
  6. Lundin Malaysia B.V.
  7. MDC Oil & Gas (SK 320) Ltd
  8. Murphy Peninsular Malaysia Oil Co. Ltd.
    Murphy Sabah Oil Co. Ltd.
    Murphy Sarawak Oil Co. Ltd.
  9. Newfield Peninsula Malaysia Inc.
    Newfield Sarawak Malaysia Inc.
  10. Nippon Oil Exploration (Malaysia) Ltd
  11. Petrofac (Malaysia PM-304) Limited
  12. Petroliam Nasional Berhad
  13. Shell Malaysia
  14. Talisman Malaysia Ltd
  15. Total E&P Malaysia

 Malaysian Fuel Price History

Sen Per Litre
Before 1990s 110
106 ( ) 65.1 ( )
20-Oct-2000 120 (+10)
116 (+10) 70.1 (+5)
20-Oct-2001 130 (+10)
126 (+10) 70.1 ( )
01-May-2002 132 (+2)
128 (+2) 72.1 (+2)
01-Nov-2002 133 (+1)
129 (+1) 72.1 ( )
01-Mar-2003 135 (+2)
131 (+2) 76.1 (+4)
01-may-2004 137 (+2)
133 (+2) 78.1 (+2)
01-Oct-2004 142 (+5)
138 (+5) 83.1 (+5)
01-Apr-2005 142 ( )
138 ( ) 88.1 (+5)
01-May-2005 152 (+10)
148 (+10) 108.1 (+10)
31-Jul-2005 162 (+10)
158 (+10) 128.1 (+20)
28-Feb-2006 192 (+30)
188 (+30) 158.1 (+30)
05-Jun-2008 270 (+78)
262 (+74) 258 (+100)
23-Aug-2008 255 (-15)
240 (-22) 250 (+8)
25-Sep-2008 245 (-10)
230 (-10) 240 (-10)
15-Oct-2008 230 (-10)
220 (-10) 220 (-20)
01-Nov-2008 215 (-5)
205 (-5) 205 (-5)
18-Nov-2008 200 (-15)
190 (-15) 190 (-15)
03-Dec-2008 190 (-10)
180 (-10) 180 (-10)
16-Dec-2008 180 (-10)
170 (-10) 170 (-10)
12-May-2009 180 ( ) 175
170 ( )
01-Sep-2009 205 (+25) 180 (+5)
170 ( )
16-Jul-2010 210 (+5) 185 (+5)
175 (+5)
02-Nov-2010 215 (+5) 185 ( )
175 ( )
01-Dec-2010 230 (+15) 190 (+5)
180 (+5)
05-Jan-2011 240 (+10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
01-Feb-2011 250 (+10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
02-Apr-2011 270 (+20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
05-May-2011 290 (+20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
16-Jun-2011 280 (-10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
05-Apr-2012 290 (+10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
07-Jun-2012 280 (-10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
05-Jul-2012 260 (-20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
24-Aug-2012 270 (+10) 190 ( )
180 ( )
06-Sep-2012 300 (+30) 190 ( )
180 ( )
27-Feb-2013 270 (-30) 190 ( )
180 ( )
07-Mac-2013 290 (+20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
22-May-2013 270 (-20) 190 ( )
180 ( )
03-Sep-2013 270 ( ) 210 (+20 )
200 (+20)
05-Sep-2013 285 (+15 ) 210 ( )
200 ( )
16-Jul-2010 – No more subsidy for RON97, the price will be subjected to the current price of crude oil (RM2.10 as of 7/23)