Saturday, June 29, 2013

Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson "Richard Branson "

Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson  ( Twitter @richardbranson‎ ) Timeline

Richard Branson

 1950 - Richard Charles Nicholas Branson was born on July 18, 1950, in Surrey, England. His father, Edward James Branson, worked as a barrister. His mother, Eve Branson, was employed as a flight attendant. 

1964 -  He entered Stowe School, a boarding school in Stowe, Buckinghamshire, England. Before this, Richard, who struggled with dyslexia, had a hard time with educational institutions. He nearly failed out of the all-boys Scaitcliffe School.

1966 -  Branson dropped out at the age of 16 to start a youth-culture magazine called Student. The publication, run by students, for students, sold $8,000 worth of advertising in its first edition. The first run of 50,000 copies was disseminated for free, after Branson covered the costs with advertising.

1969 -  He was living in a London commune, surrounded by the British music and drug scene. It was during this time that Branson had the idea to begin a mail-order record company called Virgin to help fund his magazine efforts. The company performed modestly, but made Branson enough that he was able to expand his business venture, adding a record shop in Oxford Street, London.

1971 - Virgin's first formal store opened on London's Oxford Street.

1972 -  He build a recording studio in Oxfordshire, England after success of the record shop.

1973 -  With the help of Branson's team, Mike Oldfield, first artist on the Virgin Records label recorded his single "Tubular Bells". The song was an instant smash, staying on the UK charts for 247 weeks. Using the momentum of Oldfield's success, Branson then signed other aspiring musical groups to label, including the Sex Pistols. Artists such as the Culture Club, the Rolling Stones, and Genesis would follow, helping to make Virgin Music one of the top six record companies in the world.

1979 - Opened first Virgin  Megastore at the end of Oxford Street and Marble Arch.

1980 - Began his own travel company, Voyager Group

1984 - He announced to the world that a high quality, value for money airline would begin operating within three months. Three months, some licenses, staff and an aircraft packed with celebrities later, Virgin Atlantic Airways was born. 

1986 -  He has smashed the world record for the fastest crossing of the Atlantic. His 72-ft powerboat, the Virgin Atlantic Challenger, reached the Bishop Rock off the Isles of Scilly just after 1930BST. His first attempt to cross the Atlantic in 1985 followed the launch of his Virgin Atlantic airline. The voyage was a failure, his boat sinking off Land's End, but this second attempt  brought him recognition and publicity.

1987 -Richard Branson and Per Lindstrand were the first to cross the Atlantic in a hot air balloon, rather than a helium/gas filled balloon. They flew a distance of 2,900 miles in a record breaking time of 33 hours. At the time, the envelope they used was the largest ever flown, at 2.3 million cubic feet of capacity.

1991- The great team of Richard Branson and Per Lindstrand paired up again and became the first to cross the Pacific in a hot air balloon. They traveled 6,700 miles in 47 hours, from Japan to Canada breaking the world distance record, traveling at speeds of up to 245 mph.

1992 - He sold Virgin Music to Thorn EMI and invested the proceeds into Virgin Atlantic, improving on an already great service. In the same year Virgin Atlantic launched the first super economy service that went on to become their award winning Premium Economy. 

1993 - He founded the station Virgin Radio.

1996 - He started a second record company, V2 which includes artists such as Powder Finger and Tom Jones.

 Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson ( Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson
1999 - He sold a 49% stake in the Virgin Atlantic to Singapore Airlines valuing us at a minimum of £1.225bn. In the same year, for services to entrepreneurship Richard received a knighthood.

2005 - He and Burt Rutan found The Spaceship Company (also known as TSC).

2009 - He landed at No. 261 on Forbes' "World Billionaires" list with his $2.5 billion in self-made fortune, which includes two private islands. In mid Dec, he challenged aviation rival Tony Fernandes to a Formula One with the loser having to dress up as an airline stewardess. Tony accept his challenge. Fernandes escaped as the winner of the bet, as Lotus Racing ended 10th in the championship, while Virgin Racing ended 12th and last.

2013 - He kept his word after losing the bet on the 2010 F1 season as he served his duty as a stewardess on an Air Asia flight between Perth and Kuala Lumpur on 12 May 2013.

"Business opportunities are like buses, there's always another one coming."
– Richard Branson



Wednesday, June 26, 2013

How to Choose Tyres

What is the structure of a tyre?

How to read a sidewall? 

How to Choose Tyres

 1. You tire size

  • Your vehicle’s original equipment tyre size can be found in your owner's manual or on the tyre placard located on the driver’s door jamb, glove compartment door, or inside the fuel flap.
  • You can also check your existing tyre’s designation on the sidewall.

2. Your climate condition

Driving on a Wet Road

The characteristics of your vehicle’s tyres influence the braking distances on wet roads.

As soon as it rains, visibility decreases and the pavement become slippery because of the dust and oil on the road. On a wet road, the braking distance is three times longer than on a dry road. The condition of your tyres’ tread is important, because in a few thousandths of a second, the tread collects the water in its grooves and expellees it away from the contact area with the road.

- Groove to Tread Ratio (Percentage of Grooves)
The more grooves a tread pattern has and the greater their depth is, the greater the tread pattern’s ability to evacuate water .

- Siping
The ridges and sipes help to dry the pavement by acting as a “windscreen wiper". Wiping the water from the road surface so that the rubber can grip well with the dry surface.

On a wet road, a vehicle equipped with more worn tyres needs a longer distance to stop. Moreover, the risk of aquaplaning increases considerably.

Be especially careful during the first rain after hot periods. The dust and oil on the road make the road slippery.

Driving on a Dry Road

On a dry road, the more rigid your tyre’s tread pattern is, the more precise your driving will be.

The rigidity of the tread pattern is one of the key aspects that contribute to driving with precision and good vehicle handling. This tread rigidity is obtained through the:
- Tyre’s Profile
A flat profile with square shoulders provides a good foundation to the tyre, especially when negotiating a bend in the road

- Groove to Void Ratio
The lower the percentage of grooves, the greater the surface of rubber on the ground and the better the grip on a dry road surface.

- Solid Tread Blocks
Wide, solid tread blocks limit the tread pattern’s mobility in its thickness.

- Self-Locking Sipes
The sipes “erode” the rigidity of the tread pattern (bristle effect). To overcome this, complex self-locking sipes can be used.

3. Your usage condition

In the city

City driving requires that your tyres have characteristics specific to city constraints.
Tyre Selection Criteria:
- Braking Distance
To cope with all the hazards of city driving (pedestrian crossing without looking, etc.), you need tyres with the minimum braking distance, on both dry and wet roads.
- Longevity
Tyres undergo numerous stops and starts. Each tread block in contact with the road under the effect of engine or braking forces deforms and slides. Sliding and contact pressure scrape off material. Choose tyres with increased longevity.
- Fuel Economy
Tyres with low rolling resistance can effectively save fuel.

On Main Roads of Motorways

Tyres play a key role in your vehicle’s road handling because they provide, at the end of the chain, the necessary actions to maintain the vehicle’s trajectory at relatively high speeds.
Tyre Selection Criteria:
- Braking Distance at High Speed
For maximum safety, you need tyres with minimum braking distance on both dry and wet roads.
- Comfort
For long trips, choose tyres that offer comfort qualities both in terms of vibrations and noise level.
- Road Holding
Prefer a high-performance tyre.

Sports Car

You enjoy driving your vehicle in a sporty manner: the tyres are going to provide all the necessary actions to maintain the vehicle’s trajectory at relatively high speeds (consistent with road safety rules or on an authorized circuit).
Tyre Selection Criteria:
- Grip
Look for a tyre profile with excellent performances on dry and wet roads alike.
- Road Holding 
Choose tyres from the Sports line, which provide excellent directional precision and good stability in curves.


To drive a 4x4 off-road and maximize your enjoyment, it is not enough to adopt the right techniques. You also have to choose the right tyres.
Tyre Selection Criteria for Driving:
- On tracks
Mixed or A/T (All terrain) profiles can be used. The right choice is a robust tyre that provides major impact and cut resistance.
Do not under-inflate your tyres. Inflate to the maximum pressure to maximize resistance to impacts and pinching when driving at sustained speed.
- In sand
Deflate the tyres some to improve drivability. In some extremely difficult conditions you can lower your pressure but the speed must also be lowered. Once clearing the obstacle, reinflate your tyres to the manufacturers recommended pressure.
- In mud
Opt for a specific Mud tyre with big tread blocks. With this type of tread pattern, the “rack” effect is encouraged. This effect gives your vehicle the drivability it needs to get out of the mud.
Deflate the tyres some to improve drivability and “self-clean” the tyres.
Let the tyre work, avoiding excessive taps on the accelerator, which are synonymous with loss of grip.
Remember to reinflate after crossing the obstacle.
- In water
Maintain normal pressure in the tyres.
Drive slowly and maintain a constant speed to avoid creating any waves and spray.

Source: : How to choose tyre

Tips How You Can be Successful in Everything You Do

A tips for me too...

1. Listen, listen, listen...Listen First and Never Stop Listening.

“Most people do not listen with the intent to understand; they listen with the intent to reply.” ― Stephen R. Covey, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change
“We have two ears and one mouth, so we should listen more than we say.” ― Zeno of Citium, as quoted by Diogenes Laërtius

2. Help Others
“The best antidote I know for worry is work. The best cure for weariness is the challenge of helping someone who is even more tired. One of the great ironies of life is this: He or she who serves almost always benefits more than he or she who is served.” ― Gordon B. Hinckley, Standing for Something: 10 Neglected Virtues That Will Heal Our Hearts and Homes
“If you’re in the luckiest one per cent of humanity, you owe it to the rest of humanity to think about the other 99 per cent.” ― Warren Buffett
 4. Be Yourself
“When you are content to be simply yourself and don't compare or compete, everyone will respect you.” ― Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
“Always be yourself, express yourself, have faith in yourself, do not go out and look for a successful personality and duplicate it.”― Bruce Lee
 “To help yourself, you must be yourself. Be the best that you can be. When you make a mistake, learn from it, pick yourself up and move on.”
― Dave Pelzer
5. Sharing
“Whatever we possess becomes of double value when we have the opportunity of sharing it with others.” ― Jean-Nicolas Bouilly (1763-1842)
 “If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange apples then you and I will still each have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange these ideas, then each of us will have two ideas.”― George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)
6. Follow Your Passion
Follow your passion, and success will follow you. ― Terri Guillemets
“You've got to follow your passion. You've got to figure out what it is you love--who you really are. And have the courage to do that. I believe that the only courage anybody ever needs is the courage to follow your own dreams.”― Oprah Winfrey
7. Delighting yourself and others.
“Remember to delight yourself first, then others can be truly delighted."― S.A.R.K.
“When you are joyous, look deep into your heart and you shall find it is only that which has given you sorrow that is giving you joy. When you are sorrowful look again in your heart, and you shall see that in truth you are weeping for that which has been your delight.” ― Kahlil Gibran

“I love people. If I do something good and people enjoy it, I like making people happy.” ― Taylor Momsen

“I love making people happy and I think I'm basically a good person ...despite what you might read about me!”― Duff McKagan 
8. Say "Thank you"
“Make it a habit to tell people thank you. To express your appreciation, sincerely and without the expectation of anything in return. Truly appreciate those around you, and you'll soon find many others around you. Truly appreciate life, and you'll find that you have more of it.”― Ralph Marston 
“The simple act of saying 'thank you' is a demonstration of gratitude in response to an experience that was meaningful to a customer or citizen.”― Simon Mainwaring 
“The first responsibility of a leader is to define reality. The last is to say thank you. In between, the leader is a servant.”― Max de Pree
9. Forgive others and ask for forgiveness

“People can be more forgiving than you can imagine. But you have to forgive yourself. Let go of what's bitter and move on.”
― Bill Cosby

“Forgiving does not erase the bitter past. A healed memory is not a deleted memory. Instead, forgiving what we cannot forget creates a new way to remember. We change the memory of our past into a hope for our future.”
― Lewis B. Smedes

“When you realize you've made a mistake, make amends immediately.  It's easier to eat crow while it's still warm.”
― Dan Heist

“Never forget the nine most important words of any family-

I love you.
You are beautiful.
Please forgive me.” 
― H. Jackson Brown Jr.



Monday, June 24, 2013

N95 Respirators and Facemask

What is respirator?

 A respirator is a device designed to protect the wearer from inhaling harmful dusts, fumes, vapors, or gases. Respirators come in a wide range of types and sizes used by the military, private industry, and the public. Respirators range from cheaper, single-use, disposable masks to reusable models with replaceable cartridges.

There are two main categories: the air-purifying respirator, which forces contaminated air through a filtering element, and the air-supplied respirator, in which an alternate supply of fresh air is delivered. Within each category, different techniques are employed to reduce or eliminate noxious airborne contents.

What is a Facemask?

Loose-fitting, disposable masks that cover the nose and mouth are called facemasks. Products labeled as surgical, dental, medical procedure, isolation, and laser masks are included in this grouping.

Facemasks help stop droplets from being distributed by the person wearing them. As well they keep splashes or sprays from reaching the mouth and nose of the person wearing the facemask. They aren’t intended to protect you against breathing in minute particles and should be used one time and then thrown away in the garbage.

Surgical Masks

Surgical masks offer protection against pathogens carried by large respiratory droplets that can contaminate the mucous membranes. These masks are at times also called isolation, procedure, or laser masks and they are:
  • Made of soft materials and are comfortable to wear
  • Designed to loosely cover up the mouth and nose
  • Typically strapped behind the head
Surgeons and other operating room personnel wear surgical masks to prevent organisms in their noses and mouths from falling into the sterile area and potentially causing surgical site infections. They also offer protection against body fluid splashes to the nose and mouth. Seeing as surgical masks don’t have a sealing surface and are only loose fitting, they give only minimal protection from respiratory prone particles.

N95  Respirators

N95 respirator is Particulate Respirator Filters which filter at least 95% of airborne particles and
not oil resistant.

N95 Respirators

What is Particulate Respirators?

 Particulate Respirators is one of respirator type. Effective July 1995 new performance criteria were established for particulate respirators. The new criteria eliminates classification of particulate filters according to hazard such as "dust mist fume" and provides for three levels of filter efficiency (95%, 99%, 99.97%).These efficiencies are available in a series of filter types known as N, R, and P. These new respirators will afford a higher level of protection to a variety of workers including hospital employees needing protection from infectious tuberculosis, carpenters, painters, and farmers. NIOSH has established a three year transition period for instituting the new regulation. After July 10, 1998 all particulate respirators will have to be certified under the new criteria.

 United States NIOSH standards define the following categories of particulate filters:

Oil resistance Rating Description
Not oil resistant N95 Filters at least 95% of airborne particles
N99 Filters at least 99% of airborne particles
N100 Filters at least 99.97% of airborne particles
Oil Resistant R95 Filters at least 95% of airborne particles
R99* Filters at least 99% of airborne particles
R100* Filters at least 99.97% of airborne particles
Oil Proof P95 Filters at least 95% of airborne particles
P99 Filters at least 99% of airborne particles
P100 Filters at least 99.97% of airborne particles
*No NIOSH approvals are held by this type of disposable particulate respirator.

What you should know before using surgical masks and surgical N95 respirators

• The use of surgical masks and surgical N95 respirators alone will not fully protect you from acquiring an infection.

• Other infection control practices such as hand-washing, isolating infected patients, and practicing appropriate coughing etiquette, are also important to minimize your risk of infection.

• Surgical N95 respirators must be fit properly. A surgical N95 respirator that has not been fitted properly may leave unprotected gaps between the respirator and your face. These gaps will impair the respirator's effectiveness. Facial hair or unusual facial features make it difficult to fit surgical N95 respirators properly.

• Be aware that surgical masks are not fit-tested to your face and may leave unprotected gaps between the mask and your face.

• Be aware that masks lose their protective properties and must be changed when they become wet from saliva or respiratory secretions.

• Know that surgical masks and surgical N95 respirators are not tested against specific microorganisms and should not claim to prevent specific diseases.

• Never reuse surgical masks or surgical N95 respirators.

• Never wash or disinfect surgical masks or surgical N95 respirators.

• Never share surgical masks or surgical N95 respirators with others.

See Also:

Saturday, June 22, 2013

10 Books to Improve Investment Knowledge

 1. The Intelligent Investor, The Definitive Book On Value Investing, Revised Edition
  • Book by Benjamin Graham, Jason Zweig and Warren Buffett
  • Originally written by famed value investor Benjamin Graham in the 1930s, it was updated in 2003 and 2009 by Zweig and Buffett. The revised edition now includes more up to date examples on stock investing techniques.
2. One Up On Wall Street: How to use what you already know to make money in the market.
  • Book by Peter Lynch
  • Peter Lynch is the former manager of Fidelity's Magellan mutual fund who rose to fame in the bull market rally of the 1980s. In the 1980s and 1990s he was one of the best known mutual fund managers in America but has since faded from view as hedge fund managers became the new golden boys. One Up On Wall Street was his first book. The original edition came out in 1989 but the second edition was revised for the dot-com boom in 2000.
3. The Essays of Warren Buffett: Lessons for Corporate America, Second Edition
  • Book by Warren Buffett and Lawrence Cunningham.
  • This book contains Buffett's letters to Berkshire Hathaway shareholders over the last several decades through 2008. The letters are filled with more than just updates about the company as Buffett also shares investing tidbits and insight into his investing philosophy.
4. The Future for Investors: Why the Tried and the True Triumph Over the Bold and the New.
  • Book by Jeremy Siegel
  • Published in 2005, the book shatters the myth that investors have to be in the latest 'in' growth stock or hot IPO to be successful investors. For instance, he compares the historical returns of Exxon and IBM. IBM was the Microsoft or Apple of its time in the 1940s and 1950s. Exxon was the boring big oil company. Even though IBM was growing earnings at a faster pace, Exxon had a lower P/E and paid a larger dividend. Readers might be surprised at which company was the better long term investment. Siegel explains why dividends matter for long term investors and how a company that makes candy triumphed over all of those with the latest hot product.
5. Rule #1: The Simple Strategy For Successful Investing in Only 15 Minutes a Week!
  • Book by Phil Town
  • This book helpful for novice investors because it lays out an investing plan. Town's strategy is to find and invest in wonderful businesses, including those with moats and other margins of safety. It incorporates both value investing principals espoused by Graham and Buffett with some technical analysis.
6. The Automatic Millionaire: A Powerful One-Step Plan to Live and Finish Rich
  • Book by David Bach.
  • This book starts with the powerful story of an average American
    couple--he’s a low-level manager, she’s a beautician--whose joint income never exceeds $55,000 a year, yet who somehow manage to own two homes debt-free, put two kids through college, and retire at 55 with more than $1 million in savings. Through their story you’ll learn the surprising fact that you cannot get rich with a budget! You have to have a plan to pay yourself first that is totally automatic, a plan that will automatically secure your future and pay for your present.
7. The Only Investment Guide You’ll Ever Need
  • Book by Andrew Tobias
  • Andrew Tobias is an entertaining writer. His jocular, conversational tone will keep you interested as he describes mutual funds, bonds, and treasury bills. There’s a good section on how to handle a windfall (lottery, inheritance). This is an excellent introduction to the subject of investing.

Visit My <<< Get Rich Kindle Store >>>

8. The Bogleheads’ Guide to Investing.
  • Book by Larimore, Lindauer, and LeBoeuf. 
  • You want expert investment advice? You can’t beat the info found here. These devotees of Vanugard founder John Bogle are big on slow, sure investments like indexed mutual funds. They tap their decades of experience to teach about diversification, inflation, and asset allocation. It’s not nearly as boring as it sounds.

9. Yes, You Can…Achieve Financial Independence.
  • Book by James Stowers
  • Despite the odd title, this is a solid book on investment from one of the richest men in America. It does cover some basic personal finance information, but mostly gives tips on how to invest.
10. The Four Pillars of Investing
  • By William J. Bernstein
  • William Bernstein is something of a renaissance man—he is a neurologist, the founder of an investment advisory firm, a financial theorist, an author of investment books, and an author of books about economic history. In The Four Pillars of Investing, Bernstein presents a common-sense strategy for building a portfolio that will position investors for success.

Is it enough?

 “People who say they don't have time to read simply don't want to.”
― Julie Rugg, A Book Addict's Treasury

Thursday, June 20, 2013

Malaysia In Haze

Kuala Lumpur, 24 Jun 2013


Kuala Lumpur,  21 Jun 2013

Kuala Lumpur, May 2013

What is haze?

Haze is an airborne mix of air pollution, dust, and smoke that impairs visibility and interacts with the natural environment. It can be anthropogenic or natural in origin and plays a role in weather conditions and climate change. Researchers have dedicated substantial attention to this phenomenon since the 1970s, when climate scientists first became aware of the role haze plays in meteorology and overall climate trends. Studies on this topic frequently appear in professional journals dedicated to meteorology and climate research.

This mixture can include an assortment of aerosolized pollutants, including small particulates like soot, along with gases vented from industrial manufacturing facilities. It may be brown to blue in color and can create a plume across the landscape. While not always immediately visible to the naked eye, haze can show up in imaging studies, particularly with the use of filters to polarize the landscape and make patterns in the air more visible.

Particles in the haze can block and absorb sunshine, changing the way light behaves. This can be observed at dawn and dusk, where the light may appear especially vivid or strange because of the way the haze interrupts the transmission of light. The mixture can also appear with other pollutants like smog, and may create layers of pollution that can become trapped in areas like valleys and natural depressions in the earth, along with harbors and other low-lying areas.

Haze In Malaysia

Haze has been an ongoing problem in many countries The main cause of this haze is the slash and burn practice by farmers and peat fires in Indonesia. A state of emergency was announced once in 2005 at Port Klang as the Air Pollution Index (API) was raised above the 500 level. Malaysia is working with the Indonesian authorities to help curb peat fires. Malaysia and Indonesia, together with other members of the ASEAN community, signed the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution in 2002 as a result of a 1997 haze. However, Indonesia is the only country that has not ratified the agreement. A repeat incident in 2005 and 2006 has forced Malaysia and Singapore to pressure Indonesia to ratify it.

The 2005 Malaysian haze was a week-long choking smog-like haze over Malaysia that almost brought the central part of Peninsular Malaysia to a standstill, prompted crisis talks with Indonesia and caused widespread inconvenience. The haze was at its worst on August 11, 2005. This was a comeback of the haze crisis which last hit Malaysia in September 1997.

Now, the haze in Malaysia has once again reached dangerous levels.

It has now left only 13 per cent of the country with good air to breathe while many schools in Johor have closed as Malaysians there took in the worst of it, so far.

Yesterday, four areas in the state entered the "hazardous" and "very unhealthy" scales of the Air Pollutant Index (API).

Poor visibility at the Senai International Airport also forced two flights to be diverted.

In Kuala Lumpur, this Sunday's planned 2013 Olympic Day Run for 15,000 participants at Padang Merbok has been postponed, the co-organisers McDonald's Malaysia said.

The Department of Environment (DOE) said the country was on high alert due to the rapid deterioration in air quality over the past three days. It has alerted the National Security Council to activate the National Haze Action Plan nationwide, with a "3A Warning Level" (the highest level) issued for the worst-affected areas.

The DOE has also stepped up enforcement on the emission of smoke from vehicles and factories.

Only 13 per cent of the areas in the country recorded "good" API levels yesterday, while the air quality in 78 per cent of the country has dropped to "moderate".

The DOE website showed that 7 per cent of the country had fallen into the "unhealthy" status.

The DOE has contacted its counterpart in Indonesia, urging the country to take urgent action to control the peat and forest fires in the Riau district of central Sumatra in Riau which had sparked the haze, the Natural Resources and Environment Ministry said.

A map issued by the Asean Specialised Meteorological Centre showed the movement of the thick haze from areas in Riau, with strong winds from the South-West carrying the haze to the West Coast and East Coast of Malaysia.

Within our borders, the map also showed 83 hot spots detected, with 70 found in Sarawak, six in Kelantan, two in Pahang and one spot each in Selangor, Malacca, Sabah and Terengganu,

Yesterday, Muar in Johor recorded a "hazardous" API of 383 at 11am, while at 5pm, Pasir Gudang had also fallen into the same category at 333.

The haze also hit Malacca with the state capital and Bukit Rambai recording "unhealthy" API readings of 137 and 119 respectively.

API readings between 51 to 100 are considered moderate, 101 to 200 unhealthy, 201 to 300 is very unhealthy and anything above 301 is considered hazardous. The worst API reading in memory was in 1997, where a state of emergency was declared in Kuching after its API reached 839.

Yesterday, only several locations in Perak, Kedah and Perlis retained a "Good" API reading.

In Singapore, where the API showed 371 at 1pm yesterday, The Straits Times reported a senior Indonesian Minister as hitting out in response to the island nation's criticism over the haze.

"Singapore shouldn't be like children, in such a tizzy," Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare Agung Laksono, who is coordinating his country's relief and response effort, said.

"It's not what Indonesians want. It's nature," he added.

How to Protect Yourself from Haze

1. Keep the haze out
2. Use air purifier indoor
3. Drink at least 2 liters of water a day
4. Stay away from alcohol & coffee
5. Boost your immunity with super foods.
6. Must-have items in your bag: face mask, eye drops, water bottle, tissue, wet wipes
7. Wash your hands & face regularly
8. See the doctors immediately after health problems


Tuesday, June 18, 2013

What happen to twitter and instagram on Jun 20, 2013? ( Updated )

What is Facebook?

Facebook is a popular free social networking website that allows registered users to create profiles, upload photos and video, send messages and keep in touch with friends, family and colleagues. The site is available in 37 different languages.

What is Instagram?

Instagram is a fun and quirky way to share your life with friends through a series of pictures. Snap a photo with your mobile phone, then choose a filter to transform the image into a memory to keep around forever.


Various reports over the weekend suggest that Facebook is now developing its own RSS service, presumably with half an eye on the legions of Google Reader users who’ll suddenly be left without a news feed when that service shuts its doors at the end of this month.

The reports stem from Scottish developer and blogger Tom Waddington, who wrote in a blog post that he’d noticed some unusual code while working with Facebook’s API. Specifically, he came across mention of RSS Feeds, together with lists of subscribers. However, when he attempted to access those feeds he was locked out – the feature has been restricted to whitelisted apps only for the time being.

Facebook has declined to comment on the rumors its about to launch an RSS service, but yesterday morning it made a separate announcement – sending out invitations to the press for an event on June 20. It hasn’t said what this event will be about, but given the timing many have speculated that it will indeed be to announce a news reader aimed at scooping up disowned Google Reader fans.

RSS is an easy way for you to keep updated automatically on Web sites you like. Instead of checking your favorite Web sites to see if they've written a new article or feature, you can use RSS (which stands for Really Simple Syndication) to get them to tell you every time they have something new.

 Generally, you need to have a program called a News Reader to  display RSS feeds from your chosen Web sites on your computer. All you have to do is choose which RSS feeds you want, for instance an RSS feed of all the latest local news from your favorite website or blog.

Earlier reports about Instagram getting video provide some indication, though, that this is not coming out of the blue. Most recently, about three weeks ago Matthew Keys broke a story noting that such a service was getting tested internally. At the time, there wasn’t any information on when it would be coming out, nor whether there would be filters, nor whether this would be in a separate app or part of an Instagram update. The videos would be between five and 10 seconds in length, he noted.

Getting video on Instagram is a move that would make sense. Specifically, it looks like a direct response to the rising popularity of video-sharing services, namely Twitter’s Vine. It, and others like Viddy, Cinemagram and Socialcam, sometimes get described as “Instragram for video” apps.

Just wait and see what happen on this Thursday, Jun 20, 2013.


Facebook announced video on Instagram at a press event at its Menlo Park headquarters on Jun 20,2013. Instagram CEO Kevin Systrom says that on day one it will give 130 million people access to video.

“This is the same Instagram we all know and love,” Systrom said, “but it moves.”
The app lets users shoot 15-second videos (with a three-second minimum), with multiple cuts, and features new filters and an image stabilization feature called Cinema to eliminate the shakiness that happens so often on mobile devices.

The app captures 15 seconds of video and lets you include multiple clips, including the ability to re-record clips and apply one of 13 custom video filters. You can record as many clips as you want in those 15 seconds by holding down the shutter button, and delete clips if you don’t want them in the final mix. Systrom says the team tried testing many different lengths, and 15 seconds was “the Goldilocks moment” that was not too long or not too short.

“It’s 15 seconds of beautiful video that you can record very easily,” says Systrom.

The new Instagram update also tries to fix what Systrom calls a “problem” with mobile video–seeing just the first frame of a video when you preview it. Video on Instagram lets you select a custom frame for a preview image. The features will all be familiar to Instagram users–hashtags, filters, seamless sharing. It will be available for iOS and Android “on day one,” and will also live on the Web.

 The Instagram video-sharing tool is built directly into Instagram’s app, so all the photo sharing, video sharing, commenting, and liking all happen in one mobile client. Vine requires a separate app download and is not directly attached to any of Twitter’s official apps.

The Instagram also have a brand-new image-stabilization feature called Cinema meant to keep shots steady when shooting on a mobile phone.


Instagram: From Hobby, Solve Problem And Make Money

What is Instagram?

Instagram is a fun and quirky way to share your life with friends through a series of pictures. Snap a photo with your mobile phone, then choose a filter to transform the image into a memory to keep around forever. Instagram allow you to experience moments in your friends' lives through pictures as they happen. It is available for free in the Apple App Store and Google Play store.

Who is the founder?

Kevin Systrom (CEO, co-founder)

Kevin (@kevin) graduated from Stanford University in 2006 with a BS in Management Science & Engineering. He got his first taste of the startup world when he was an intern at Odeo that later became Twitter. He spent two years at Google - the first of which was working on Gmail, Google Reader, and other products and the latter where he worked on the Corporate Development team. Kevin has always had a passion for social products that enable people to communicate more easily, and combined with his passion for photography Instagram is a natural fit.

Mike Krieger (co-founder)

Mike (@mikeyk) also graduated from Stanford University where he studied Symbolic Systems with a focus in Human-Computer Interaction. During his undergrad, he interned at Microsoft's PowerPoint team as a PM and at Foxmarks (now Xmarks) as a software developer. He wrote his Master's thesis on how user interfaces can better support collaboration on a large scale. After graduating, he worked at Meebo for a year and a half as a user experience designer and as a front-end engineer before joining the Instagram team doing design & development.

Where does the name come from?

When they were kids, they loved playing around with cameras. They loved how different types of old cameras marketed themselves as "instant" - something they take for granted today. They also felt that the snapshots people were taking were kind of like telegrams in that they got sent over the wire to others - so they figured why not combine the two?

How did the idea come about?

They love taking photos. They always assumed taking interesting photos required a big bulky camera and a couple years of art school. But as mobile phone cameras got better and better, they decided to challenge that assumption. The created Instagram to solve three simple problems:
  1. Mobile photos always come out looking mediocre. Instagram awesome looking filters transform your photos into professional-looking snapshots.
  2. Sharing on multiple platforms is a pain - Instagram help you take a picture once, then share it (instantly) on multiple services.
  3. Most uploading experiences are clumsy and take forever - Instagram have optimized the experience to be fast and efficient.

How much is it worth?

In April, 2013, Facebook agreed to buy the quickly growing photo-sharing social network Instagram for a cool $1 billion (the final price, a mixture of cash and stock, was $715 million because Facebook shares tumbled before the deal was finalized). The sky-high purchase price, well above Instagram’s $500 million valuation at the time, led some to wonder if Facebook was helping to fuel another tech bubble.

Instagram has had an impressive year under Facebook. The photo-sharing network had about 30 million users at the time of the buyout. Today there are more than 100 million monthly active users posting more than 40 million photos per day. The company has doubled its staff to more than 25 employees, including a new business operations director brought over from Facebook.

That is the story of Intagram, from their hobby, then solving problem and lastly make money from it.


Monday, June 17, 2013

What is qualities of truly confident people?

Dharmesh Shah, Founder and CTO at HubSpot line up 9 qualities of truly confident people.

1. They take a stand not because they think they are always right… but because they are not afraid to be wrong.

2. They listen ten times more than they speak.

3. They duck the spotlight so it shines on others. Truly confident people don’t need the glory; they know what they’ve achieved.

4. They freely ask for help.

5. They think, “Why not me?”.

6. They don't put down other people.

7. They aren’t afraid to look silly…

8. … And they own their mistakes.

9. They only seek approval from the people who really matter.

If you want to read a details for each quality, please read his article in LinkedIn here : 9 Qualities of Truly Confident People

Creative Writing: Tips and tricks for beginners

  • Do some short exercises to stretch your writing muscles –  Many new creative writers find that doing the washing up or weeding the garden suddenly looks appealing, compared to the effort of sitting down and putting words onto the page. Force yourself to get through these early doubts, and it really will get easier. Try to get into the habit of writing every day, even if it’s just for ten minutes.
  • If you’re stuck for ideas, carry a notebook everywhere and write down your observations. You’ll get some great lines of dialogue by keeping your ears open on the bus or in cafes, and an unusual phrase may be prompted by something you see or smell.
  • Work out the time of day when you’re at your most creative. For many writers, this is first thing in the morning – before all the demands of the day jostle for attention. Others write well late at night, after the rest of the family have gone to bed. Don’t be afraid to experiment!
  • Don’t agonize over getting it right. All writers have to revise and edit their work – it’s rare that a story, scene or even a sentence comes out perfectly the first time. Once you’ve completed the initial draft, leave the piece for a few days – then come back to it fresh, with a red pen in hand. If you know there are problems with your story but can’t pinpoint them, ask a fellow writer to read through it and give feedback.
  • HAVE FUN! Sometimes, we writers can end up feeling that our writing is a chore, something that “must” be done, or something to procrastinate over for as long as possible. If your plot seems wildly far-fetched, your characters bore you to tears and you’re convinced that a five-year old with a crayon could write better prose … take a break. Start a completely new project, something which is purely for fun. Write a poem or a 60-word “mini saga”. Just completing a small finished piece can help if you’re bogged down in a longer story.

Sunday, June 16, 2013

Mountain Bike Types

Cross-country bikes
Cross-country bikes (also called XC bikes) are lightweight and efficient. They're great for smooth trails with rolling hills, but you wouldn't want to take them on really rough terrain.
Trail mountain bikes
Trail mountain bikes are modified cross-country bikes with a softer suspension to handle bigger obstacles.
All-mountain bikes
All-mountain bikes were built to handle rough terrain. They're heavier than cross-country bikes, and can climb hills with ease.
Downhill bikes
Downhill bikes are made for speed. They have the most suspension of any mountain bike and can take the abuse of rough courses with steep drops, but they're not ideal for uphill riding. Dirt jump bikes tend to be smaller and are built to withstand big jumps.
Freeride bikes
Freeride bikes are easier to pedal than downhill bikes. Their thick wheels and long-travel suspension make them good for jumps, stunts and big drops.
Mountain bikes also come with two kinds of suspension, which protect the bike and rider from the shock of rough terrain:
Full suspension
Full suspension bikes have both front and rear suspension. They're heavier, more comfortable and easier to control than hardtail bikes.
Hardtail bikes
Hardtail bikes have a front suspension fork, but no rear suspension. They are lighter and pedal more efficiently than full suspension, and they're more durable for off-road riding.

Notice From MRT Corp: Trial Lane Closure & Boring works at SPRINT highway ( Damansara Heights area )

MRT Construction Updates for SPRINT Highway / Jalan Semantan Area
 from 13 June 2013 to 13 October 2013

Please be informed that temporary construction works will be commencing at several places along SPRINT Highway / Jalan Semantan. The activities involve are trial lane closure and bore piling works (please refer to the map below)

The working hours are as follows:
1. Trial lane closure: 10.00am – 4.00pm & 9.00pm – 5.00am (from 13 June 2013 to 20 June 2013)
2. Bore piling: 7.00am – 10.00pm (from 13 June 2013 to 13 October 2013)

The trial closure is intended to allow MRT Corp and its contractors to study the impact of the closure on the traffic flow at SPRINT Highway (KL bound). Subsequent to the success of the trial lane closure, a permanent road closure will take place for a period of six (6) months. The closure is necessary to facilitate pipe jacking works for the relocation of utilities.

The boring works will be carried out at the former Shell and Esso stations for the construction of the foundation for Semantan Station.

We apologize for the temporary inconvenience as works has to be carried out at night, otherwise it will adversely and severely impact the traffic flow at this stretch if it is carried out during the day. 

Your kind understanding and patience is much appreciated as we build the MRT for our future betterment in improving KL’s public transport system.

For any information: 
MRT construction works at SPRINT Highway:
Sunway Construction 
Ms. Liyana Yusoff – Exec. Communications 012-295 5993
        Mr. Ong Gin Lip – Project Director           019 -236 4688
        Mr. Subba Rao – Deputy Project Director       019 -773 6806
MRT Project:
MRT Hotline: 1800 82 6868             

Saturday, June 15, 2013

Job Search : Networking

Your ability to network effectively will provide you with the tools to access the hidden job market. Remember, the hidden job market represents 75% of jobs that are not advertised. The networking approach is a proactive model for job-search that is particularly useful to professionals.

Let's Get Started
How many people do you Know? You will be surprise that the average person knows 100 or more people. The following table will assist you in identifying people you know. It's always best to create two lists; one for people you know personally, and another for those you know through business. 

Family members
Professional contacts in other companies.
Personal friends
Trade Association contacts
Personnel Agency Consultants
Business owners
Financial Adviser
Bank Manager
Religious associates
Sporting associates
Political party associates

Your Network
  • Your Family
  • Local Business People
  • Your Teachers 
  • Your Friends
  • YOU
  • Your Community
  • Professionals
  • Your media social network ( LinkedIn, twitter, Google+ Community )
  • Others
Here are Some Tips
  • Networking is about using additional eyes and ears to assist you in your job-search.
  • Networking is about gathering information on industries you wish to target.
  • Networking is about getting referrals to other people who may assist.

More info:

See Also:

Friday, June 14, 2013

Happy Birthday! Mr Donald Trump.

Real estate developer Donald John Trump( twitter: @realDonaldTrump )  was born June 14, 1946, in Queens, New York. In 1971 he became involved in large profitable building projects in Manhattan. He opened the Grand Hyatt in 1980, which made him the city's best known and most controversial developer. In 2004 Trump began starring in the hit NBC reality series The Apprentice, which also became an offshoot for The Celebrity Apprentice.
"As long as you're going to be thinking anyway, think big."

Famous People Who Also Born Today

Harriet Beecher Stowe
(06/14/1811 – 07/01/1896)
US writer
"The obstinacy of cleverness and reason is nothing to the obstinacy of folly and inanity."

Margaret Bourke-White
(06/14/1904 – 08/27/1971)
US photojournalist
"The beauty of the past belongs to the past."

Mary Cassatt
(05/22/1844 – 06/14/1926)
US artist
"Acceptance, under someone else's terms, is worse than rejection."

Che Guevara
(06/14/1928 – 10/09/1967)
Argentine revolutionary
"Silence is argument carried on by other means."

G. K. Chesterton
(05/29/1874 – 06/14/1936)
English writer
"Ten thousand women marched through the streets of London saying 'we will not be dictated to,' and then went off to become stenographers."

Boy George
(06/14/1961 – )
British singer
"Comparing Madonna with Marilyn Monroe is like comparing Raquel Welch with the back of a bus."

Yasmine Bleeth
(06/14/1968 – )
US actor, model
"This is my ultimate fantasy: watching QVC with a credit card while making love and eating at the same time. With somebody else's card, of course!"

Diablo Cody
(06/14/1978 – )
US writer, stripper
 "If this whole writing thing doesn't work out, I'll be getting right back on the pole."

Jorge Luis Borges
(08/24/1899 – 06/14/1986)
Argentine writer
 "The original is unfaithful to the translation." 

Alan Jay Lerner
(08/31/1918 – 06/14/1986)
US lyricist (songwriting partner of Frederick Loewe; was married to Nancy Olson, among others)
 "Coughing in the theatre is not a respiratory ailment. It is a criticism."

Rory Gallagher
(03/02/1948 – 06/14/1995)
Irish guitarist
"I try to sit down and write a Rory Gallagher song, which generally happens to be quite bluesy. I try to find different issues, different themes and different topics that haven't been covered before...I've done songs in all the different styles...train blues, drinking blues, economic blues. But I try to find a slightly different angle on all these things. The music can be very traditional, but you can sort of creep into the future with the lyrics.."

What Happen In 1946

In 1946, the world was a different place.
There was no Google yet. Or Yahoo.
In 1946, the top selling movie was Song of the South. People buying the popcorn in the cinema lobby had glazing eyes when looking at the poster.


Remember, that was before there were DVDs. Heck, even before there was VHS. People were indeed watching movies in the cinema, and not downloading them online. Imagine the packed seats, the laughter, the excitement, the novelty. And mostly all of that without 3D computer effects.
In the year 1946, the time when you arrived on this planet, books were still popularly read on paper, not on digital devices. Trees were felled to get the word out. The number one US bestseller of the time was The King's General by Daphne du Maurier. Oh, that's many years ago. Have you read that book? Have you heard of it?
In 1946... A revised and streamlined revival of Kern and Hammerstein's Show Boat opens on Broadway at the Ziegfeld Theatre. The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor. Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes 6 constituent republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. The Soviet Union and Switzerland resume diplomatic relations. In Japan, women vote for the first time, during elections for the House of Representatives of the 90th Imperial Diet. King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates, and is succeeded by his son Humbert II. Laurence Olivier's Henry V opens in the United States nearly 2 years after its release in England. It is the first Shakespeare film in color, and critics hail it as the finest film of a Shakespeare play ever made. The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City.
The Nobel prize for Literature that year went to Hermann Hesse. The Nobel Peace prize went to Emily Greene Balch and John Raleigh Mott. The Nobel prize for physics went to Percy Williams Bridgman from the United States for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made there within the field of high pressure physics. The sensation this created was big. But it didn't stop the planets from spinning, on and on, year by year.    
The 1940s were indeed a special decade. World War II continued, affecting people in Europe, Asia and elsewhere. The post war world encouraged decolonization, new states and governments emerged, while others declared independence, often not without bloodshed. The dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four is published, picturing a totalitarian Big Brother regime controllings its citizens. The NATO gets established. Iceland declares independence Denmark. Mao Zedong's Chinese Communist Party is victorious in the Chinese Civil War. Mathematics sees the invention of cryptography. Ballistic missiles are created.
Do you remember the movie that was all the rage when you were 15? Blue Hawaii. Do you still remember the songs playing on the radio when you were 15? Maybe it was Tossin' and Turnin' by Bobby Lewis. Were you in love? Who were you in love with, do you remember?
In 1946, 15 years earlier, a long time ago, the year when you were born, the song Oh! What It Seemed to Be by Frankie Carle topped the US charts. Do you know the lyrics? Do you know the tune? Sing along.
It was just a neighborhood dance
That's all that it was
But, oh, what it seemed to be
It was like a masquerade ball
With costumes and all
'Cause you were at the dance with me
In 1946, a new character entered the world of comic books: Rocky and Murph. Bang! Boom! But that's just fiction, right? In the real world, in 1946, Laura Bush was born. And Cher. Donald Trump, too. And you, of course. Everyone an individual. Everyone special. Everyone taking a different path through life.  


See Also: